ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Chih-Chen Jane Tang (2005). The Syntax and Semantics of Demonstratives in Paiwan*.

URL: http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~gilntu/data/workshop%20on%20Austronesian/14%20tang.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3520&langcode=pwn (2021-09-24).

 

Example #1:

    (10)     a.     na-v-en-eLi ti       kai tua kun.
    Perf-AV-buy Nom Kai Obl skirt
    `Kai bought a skirt.'
Example #2:

    b.     v-in-eLi ni kai a        kun.
    buy-PV Gen Kai Nom skirt
    `The skirt was bought by Kai.'
Example #3:

    (11)     icu a kun ni kai
    this A skirt Gen Kai
    `Kai's this skirt'
Example #4:

    (17)    a.    telu a kun
    three A skirt
    `three skirts'
Example #5:

    c.    [k-in-asengseng ni kai] a kun
    make-PV         Gen Kai A skirt
    `the skirt that was made by Kai'
Example #6:

    (19) a.         icu a kun
    this A skirt
    `this skirt'
Example #7:

    (i)    a.            a-icu a       ku-kun.
    A-this Nom my-skirt
    `This is my skirt.'
Example #8:

    (iii)     na-vaik ti      kai katiau.
    Perf-go Nom Kai yesterday
    `Kai went yesterday.'
Example #9:

    (27)      a.     telu a kun
    three A skirt
    `three skirts'
Example #10:

    b.     kun a telu
    skirt A three
    `three skirts'
Example #11:

    (29)      a.     [k-in-asengseng ni kai] a kun
    PV-make           Gen Kai A skirt
    `the skirt that is made by Kai'
Example #12:

    b.     kun a [k-in-asengseng ni kai]
    skirt A PV-make          Gen Kai
    `the skirt that is made by Kai'
Example #13:

    (30)      a.     kun ni kai
    skirt Gen Kai
    `Kai's skirt'
Example #14:

    b.     [ni kai] a kun
    NI Kai A skirt
    `Kai's skirt'
Example #15:

    (39)     icu a kun ni kai
    this A skirt Gen Kai
    `Kai's this skirt'
Example #16:

    (51)     a.    na-v-en-eLi ti       kai tua icu a kun.
    Perf-AV-buy Nom Kai Obl this A skirt
    `Kai bought this skirt.'
Example #17:

    b.    v-in-eLi ni kai a         icu a kun.
    buy-PV Gen Kai Nom this A skirt
    `This skirt was bought by Kai.'
Example #18:

    (55)     a.     kun ni kai
    skirt Gen Kai
    `Kai's skirt'
Example #19:

    b.     [ni kai] a kun
    NI Kai A skirt
    `Kai's skirt'
Example #20:

    (58)     a.     icu a kun ni kai
    this A skirt Gen Kai
    `Kai's this skirt'
Example #21:

    b.     icu a [ni kai] a kun
    this A NI Kai A skirt
    `Kai's this skirt'
Example #22:

    (69)     a.     telu a kun
    three A skirt
    `three skirts'
Example #23:

    b.     kun a telu
    skirt A three
    `three skirts'
Example #24:

    (71)     a.     [k-in-asengseng ni kai] a kun
    PV-make           Gen Kai A skirt
    `the skirt that is made by Kai'
Example #25:

    b.     kun a [k-in-asengseng ni kai]
    skirt A PV-make           Gen Kai
    `the skirt that is made by Kai'
Example #26:

    (73)     a.     *(ma-)telu a kakeDian
    MA-three A kid
    `three kids'
Example #27:

    b.     (*ma-)telu a kun
    MA-three A skirt
    `three skirts'
Example #28:

    (74)    a.     na-vaik ti     kai.
    Perf-go Nom Kai
    `Kai already went.'
Example #29:

    b.     na-ti-kai timadu. (Tang 2002)
    Per-TI-Kai she
    `She used to be called Kai.'
Example #30:

    (75)    a.     kun ni kai
    skirt Gen Kai
    `Kai's skirt'
Example #31:

    b.     [ni kai] a kun
    NI Kai A skirt
    `Kai's skirt'
Example #32:

    c.     kakeDian nimadu
    kid        his
    `his kid'
Example #33:

    d.     nimadu a kakeDian
    his     A kid
    `his kid'
Example #34:

    (i)      a.       na-Lutuk a ku-v-in-eLi, luwang-anga tucu.
    Perf-rabbit A my-PV-buy cow-ANGA now
    `It is rabbits that I used to buy, now cows.'
Example #35:

    b.       na-supat a ku-luwang, dusa-anga tucu.
    Perf-four A my-cow two-ANGA now
    `My cows used to be four, now two.'
Example #36:

    (ii)     k-em-aleng ti      kui tai kai-anga.
    know-AF Nom Kui Obl Kai-ANGA
    `Kui knows the dead Kai.'
Example #37:

    (77) a.          icu a kun
    this A skirt
    `this skirt'
Example #38:

    b.       *(a) icu a        kun.
    A this Nom skirt
    `This is a skirt.'
Example #39:

    (78)     a.      na-v-en-eLi ti         kai tu sa a kun.
    Perf-AV-buy Nom Kai Obl SA A skirt
    `Kai bought a certain skirt.'
Example #40:

    (79)     na-v-en-eLi ti         kai tua kun tu telu.39
    Perf-AV-buy Nom Kai Obl skirt Obl three
    `Kai bought three skirts.'
Example #41:

    (80)     a.     ma-telu *(a) cauca u a (na-)vaik a v-en-eLi tua luwang.
    MA-three A person A Perf-go A AV-buy Obl cow
    `It is three people that went to buy cows.'
Example #42:

    b.     ma-telu a na-vaik a v-en-eLi tua luwang a           cauca u.
    MA-three A Perf-go A AV-buy Obl cow         Nom person
    `The number of people that went to buy cows is three.'
Example #43:

    (83)     a.     kin-telu-i.
    KIN-three-I
    `Do it three times.'
Example #44:

    b.     maka-telu-i.
    MAKA-three-I
    `Do it for three days.'
Example #45:

    (85)     a.     pa-ka-zua-i.
    PA-KA-there-I
    `Go through there.'
Example #46:

    b.     pa-ka-tikai-i.
    PA-KA-TIKAI-I
    `Name him Kai.'
Example #47:

    c.    pa-ka-basu-i.
    PA-KA-bus-I
    `Take the bus.'
Example #48:

    c.    pa-ka-luwang-i.
    PA-KA-cow-I
    `Make the cow carry it.'
Example #49:

    d.    pa-ka-telu-i.
    PA-KA-three-I
    `Give him three.'
Example #50:

    (89)     a.     a zua-anga      ti    kai.
    A that-ANGA Nom Kai
    `Kai already came.'
Example #51:

    (90)     a.     na-[ni kai] a      icu a vatu.
    Perf-NI Kai Nom this A dog
    `This dog used to be Kai's.'
Example #52:

    b.     na-pacun ti    kai tua na-[ni kui] a vatu.42
    Perf-see Nom Kai Obl Perf-NI Kai A dog
    `Kai saw the dog that used to belong to Kui.'
Example #53:

    c.     na-pacun ti    kai tua [ni kui]-anga a vatu.
    Perf-see Nom Kai Obl NI Kai-ANGA A dog
    `Kai saw the dog that belongs to the dead Kui.'
Example #54:

    b.       *kun ni kai-anga
    skirt NI Kai-ANGA
    `My skirts used to be four.'
Example #55:

    (93)     a.      k-in-asengseng ni kai a        kun.
    PV-make         Gen Kai Nom skirt
    `Kai made the skirt.'
Example #56:

    b.    na-v-en-eLi ti        kui tua [k-in-asengseng ni kai a    kun].
    Perf-AV-buy Nom Kui Obl PV-make             Gen Kai Nom skirt
    `Kui bought the kun that Kai made.'
Example #57:

    (102) a.        na-pacun-aken tua zua/ icu a kakeDian.
    Perf-see-I      Obl that this A kid
    `I saw that/this kid.'
Example #58:

    b.     na-pacun-aken tu sa a kakeDian.
    Perf-see-I       Obl SA A kid
    `I saw a certain kid.'
Example #59:

    (103) a.        v-in-eLi ni kai *(a) zua/icu a kun.
    PF-buy Gen Kai Nom that this A skirt
    `Kai bought that/this skirt.'
Example #60:

    b.     v-in-eLi ni kai (*a) sa a kun.
    PF-buy Gen Kai Nom SA A skirt
    `Kai bought that/this skirt.'
Example #61:

    (104) a.        tengelay ti    kui tua zua/ icu a timadu/*tizua.
    like     Nom Kui Obl that this A man       man
    `Kui likes that man.'
Example #62:

    b.     tengelay ti    kui tu sa a *timadu/tizua.
    like     Nom Kui Obl SA A man man
    `Kui likes a certain man.'