The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

C.-T. James Huang (2003). The Distribution of Negative NPs and Some Typological Correlates.

URL: http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~ctjhuang/Course_LSA222/readings/Huang.2003.nobody.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3523&langcode=cmn (2021-09-24).


Example #1:

    (5)    a.    meiyou ren kanjian wo.
    No person saw me.
    Nobody saw me.
Example #2:

    b.   * wo kanjian-le meiyou ren.
    I saw         no     person.
    I saw nobody.
Example #3:

    (6)    a.    meiyou yiben shu tidao       ta.
    no       one book mention he
    Not a single book mentioned him.
Example #4:

    b.   *ta tidao     meiyou yiben shu.
    he mentione not    one book
    He has mentioned no book.
Example #5:

    (7)    a.   meiyou yiben shu ta kanguo.
    not    one book he read
    No book has he read.
Example #6:

    b.   ta meiyou yiben shu kanguo.
    he not    one    book read
    He has no book read.
Example #7:

    (8)    a. ta meiyou kanjian renhe ren.
    he not      wee    any person
    He did not see anybody.
Example #8:

    b. ta meiyou tidao      renhe yiben shu.
    he not     mention any       one book
    He has not mention any book.
Example #9:

    (9)    a.   ta xiao-le yi-zheng tian.
    he laughed one-whole day
    He laughed a whole day.
Example #10:

    b. *ta xiao-le meiyou yi tian.
    He laughed not       one day
    He laughed for not a day.
Example #11:

    c.   ta meiyou yi-tian xiaoguo.
    ta not     one day laughed
    He for no day laughed.
Example #12:

    (10)   a.   ta zhi tiaoguo yi ci.
    He only danced one time.
    He danced only once.
Example #13:

    b. *ta tiaoguo-le meiyou yi ci.
    He danced     not    one time
    He danced not once.
Example #14:

    c.   ta meiyou tiaoguo yi ci.
    he not    danced one time
    He did not dance once.
Example #15:

    d.    ta meiyou yi ci tiaoguo.
    he not    one time danced
    He not once danced.
Example #16:

    (13)        ta kanjian-le ren/yi-ge ren/na-ge ren le.
    he see-perf one person
    He saw some people/someone/that person.
Example #17:

    (60)   a. Zhangsan gen Lisi ge mai-le      san-ben shu.
    Zhangsan and Lisi each buy-PERF three-CL book
    Zhangsan and Lisi bought three books each.
Example #18:

    b. tamen ge chou-dao-le        liang-ge       jiangpin
    they    each draw-get-PERF two-CL          prize
    They each drew two prizes.