The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

McGinnis, Martha (1997). Case and Locality in L-Syntax: Evidence from Georgian.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-168-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 353&langcode=kat (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (4)    a.     nino-m a-nax-a           cven pat˘aragela-s      tavisi tav-i
    N.-ERG R-show-AOR our little G.-DAT self-NOM
    `Nino showed our little Gelai himselfi.'
Example #2:

    b.     nino-m a-nax-a           gela       tavis tav-s.
    N.-ERG R-show-AOR G.NOM self-DAT
    `Ninoi showed herselfi Gela.' / *`Nino showed himselfi Gelai.'
Example #3:

    (5)    a.     vano-s tavisi tav-i u-qvar-s
    V.-DAT self-NOM R-love-PRES
    `Vano loves/has convinced himself.'
Example #4:

    b.     vano      tavis tav-s xat˘av-s
    V.-NOM self-DAT draw-PRES
    `Vano draws himself.'
Example #5:

    (6)    a.   *vano       tavis tav-s u-qvar-s
    V.-NOM self-DAT R-love-PRES
    (`Himself loves/has convinced Vano.')
Example #6:

    b.    *vano-s tavisi tav-i xat˘av-s
    V.-ACC self-NOM draw-PRES
    (`Himself draws Vano.')
Example #7:

    (7)   a.     k˘ar-i        i-g<-eb-a.
    door-NOM v-open-TS-PRES
    `The door is opening.'
Example #8:

    b.     gogoeb-i      i-mal-eb-ian.
    girls-NOM v-hide-TS -PRES
    `The girls are hiding.'                            (Hewitt 1996:135)
Example #9:

    (9)    a.     golgi     da-i-c<˘r-a
    G.NOM PFX-v-cut-AOR
    `Golgi was wounded.'
Example #10:

    b.     nino-s   golgi     da-e-c<˘r-a
    N.-DAT G.NOM PFX-v+R-cut- AOR
    `Nino had Golgi wounded on her.'
Example #11:

    (10)   a.     deideb-s      gela          u-qvar-Ĝ-t.
    aunts-DAT G.NOM             R-love-PRES -PL
    `The aunts love Gela.'
Example #12:

    b.     deideb-s      gela          ec<xubeba(*-t).
    aunts-DAT G.NOM             fight.FUT(-PL )
    `Gela will fight with the   aunts.'
Example #13:

    (22)   a.     vas<l-s     miscems masc˘avlebel-s.
    apple-ACC give.3FUT teacher-DAT
    `He will give an apple to the teacher.'
Example #14:

    b.     vas<l-i       micemulia           masc˘avleblis-tvis.
    apple-NOM give.PASS .3PRES teacher-for
    `An apple is given to the teacher.'               (Harris 1981:103)
Example #15:

    (23)   deideb-s     bavs<veb-i       e-malebi-an.
    aunts-DAT children-NOM v+R-hide-PRES. PL
    `The children are hiding from the aunts.'
Example #16:

    b.    ?deidebi     taviant tavs t da-e-mal-en.
    aunts. NOM selves.DAT           PFX-v+R-hide-AOR.PL
    `The aunts were hidden from themselves.'14
Example #17:

    (29)   a.     vano-s sz<uls           direkt˘or-i
    V.-DAT hate.PRES director-NOM
    `Vano hates the director.'
Example #18:

    b.     direkt˘or-i      s<ez<ulebulia
    director-NOM hate.PASS. PRES
    `The director is hated.'                               (Harris 1981:139)
Example #19:

    (31)   a.     vano-s tavisi tav-i u-qvar-s
    V.-DAT self-NOM R-love-PRES
    `Vano loves/has convinced himself.'
Example #20:

    b.    *deideb-s    tavianti tav-i da-e-mal-a-t.
    aunts-DAT selves-NOM PFX-v+ R-hide-AOR-PL
    (`The aunts had themselves hidden on them.')