The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Fernando Zuniga (2002). Inverse Systems in Indigenous Languages of the Americas.

URL: http://www.dissertationen.unizh.ch/2003/zuniga/zuniga02.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3537&langcode=jpn (2022-01-27).


Example #1:

    c. d            et-thm.
    stick        3p:cII-break
    `Theyp broke the stick.'
Example #2:

    a. Sensei-ga          Mary-no     musuko-o        sikat-ta.
    teacher-NOM     M.-GEN      son-ACC         scold-PT
    `The teacher scolded Mary's son.'
Example #3:

    b. Mary-ga          sensei-ni     musuko-o        sikar-are-ta.
    M.-NOM        teacher-DAT son-ACC           scold-PASS-PT
    `Mary was subjected to the teacher's scolding her son.'