The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark C. Baker (2008). Chapter 5.

URL: http://www.let.uu.nl/LOT/GraduateProgram/LotSchools/zomerschool%202006/AgrC5-parameters-ver2.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3539&langcode=zul (2021-06-18).


Example #1:

    (13)   a. Ku-khuluma aba-khula. (Doke, p. 13)
    c10-speak cl2-elders
    `There are speaking elders.'
Example #2:

    b. Aba-khula ba-ya-khuluma.
    Cl2-elders cl2-?-speak
    (The) elders are speaking
Example #3:

    (43)     Si-yazi    ukuthi ba-fik-ile     i :zolo                         (Zulu, Pp 306-307)
    1pS-know that      2-arrive-perf yesterday
    `We know that they came yesterday.'
Example #4:

    (50)   a.      Thina s-onke si-fik-ile.                              (Doke, p. 94)
    we     1p-all 1pS-arrive-perf
    `We have all arrived'
Example #5:

    (72)   a. Ngi-bona umuntu.                  (p. 299 Gr)
    1sS-see cl1-man
    `I see a person.'
Example #6:

    b. Ngi-ya-m-bona umuntu.
    1sS-??-1O-see person
    `I see the person.'
Example #7:

    (73)   a. Ngi-leth-el-a      umfundisi incwadi                          (p. 299 Gr)
    1sS-bring-appl-fv teacher.1     book.x
    `I am bringing the teacher a book.'
Example #8:

    b. Ngi-ya-m-lethela            umfundisi incwadi          (p. 299 Gr)
    1sS-??-OM1-bring-appl-fv teacher.1 book.x
    I am bringing the teacher--the one who told me to do so--a book.
Example #9:

    (93)     Ba-ya-gula ba-buye        ba-sind-e.   (Zulu)
    2S-hab-sick 2S-do.next 2S-(perf)-recover
    They get sick and then recover.