The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Kenji Oda (2002). Wh-questions in V-initial languages.

URL: http://individual.utoronto.ca/koda/paper/forum.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3613&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    (25)    a. Taroo-wa sakana-o tabe-ta-no/ka
    Taroo-top fish-acc eat-past-q
    `Did Taroo eat fish?'
Example #2:

    b. Taroo-wa nani-o    tabe-ta-no/ka
    Taroo-top what-acc eat-past-q
    `What did Taroo eat?'
Example #3:

    (28)   a. kinou-wa      nani-o   shimasi-ta-ka
    yesterday-top what-acc do-past-q
    `What did you do yeaterday?'
Example #4:

    b. Yooko-wa nani-ka-o tabe-ta
    Yooko-top what-q-acc eat-past
    `Yooko ate something.'
Example #5:

    c. Yooko-wa nani-o    shite-mo, sugu sippai-suru
    Yooko-top what-acc do-q,     soon fail-pres
    `Whatever Yooko does(/tries), soon (she) fails it.'