The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Kai von Fintel and Sabine Iatridou (2004). Anatomy of a modal.

URL: http://web.mit.edu/fintel/www/glow04.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3615&langcode=ell (2021-09-28).


Example #1:

    (3) An thelis     kalo tiri  dhen echis para na pas           sto North End
    If want/2sg good cheese NEG have/2sg except NA go/2sg to-the North End
    "If you want good cheese you only have to go to the North End"
Example #2:

    (20)    An thes kalo tiri dhen chriazete para na pas sto North End
    If want/2.sg good cheese NEG need except go to the North End
    `If you want good cheese you only need to go to the North End'
Example #3:

    (26)   Dhen chriazete na figis                                NEG>modal (deontic)
    NEG need         leave
    `You don't need to leave'
Example #4:

    (27)   Dhen echo na dho ton yatro simera                      NEG>schedule
    NEG have/1.sg see thedoctor today
    `I'm not scheduled to see the doctor today'
Example #5:

    (33)   Dhen prepi na ine eki                     modal>NEG (epistemic)
    NEG must be there
    `He must not be there'
Example #6:

    (34)   Dhen prepi na to kanume afto              modal>NEG (deontic)
    NEG must it do thi
    `We must not do this'
Example #7:

    (35)       prepi na min ine eki                        modal>NEG (epistemic)
    must NEG be there
    `He must not be there'
Example #8:

    i.        *Irthan oli para mono o Yanis
    came everyone para Yanis
    attempted: "Did everyone come except John"
Example #9:

    (38) Dhiavasa ta panda          ektos apo afto to vivlio
    I-read the everything except from this the book
    `I read everything except this book'
Example #10:

    *An erthun oli para (mono) o Yanis...
    if come everyone para Yannis
    `If everyone besides comes besides John...
Example #11:

    (46)    Dhen irthe para (mono) o Yanis sto parti
    NEG came para (mono) o Yanis to the party
    `Nobody came to the party except John'
Example #12:

    (60)a. Dhen irthe para mono o Yanis
    NEG came except only Yanis
    `Nobody came except Yanis'
Example #13:

    b. Irthe o Yanis
    came Yanis
    `Yanis came'
Example #14:

    (61)a. Dhen idha para mono ton Yani
    neg I-saw except only Yani
    `I didn't see anyone except Yani'
Example #15:

    b. Idha ton Yani
    I-saw Yani
    `I saw Yani'
Example #16:

    (69)a. Dhen tha dhechto tipota para mono ena gliko, ya na min sas prosvalo (G)
    NEG FUT accept nothing except only one sweet, so as not to you insult
    `I will except nothing except a sweet so as not to insult you'
Example #17:

    (70)a. Protimo na pethano para na tapinotho parakalondas ton (G)
    I prefer to die       over to be humiliated begging him
    `I prefer to die rather than being humiliated by begging him'
Example #18:

    (1)    *O Yanis echi na ine spiti tora
    the Yannis has NA is home now.
    Attempted: "John has to be home now"
Example #19:

    (3)   *o yatros echi na eksetasi ton astheni an thelume na mathume ti echi
    the doctor has na examine the patient if want/1pl na learn/1pl what has/3sg
    Attempted: "The doctor has to examine the patient if we want to find out what he
Example #20:

    (8)      *Simfona me ton nomo echis na katharizis to pezodhromio su mia fora tin evdhomadha
    According with the law have/2sg na clean the sidewalk your one time the week
Example #21:

    (9)      *Echis panda na kitas aristera ke dheksia prin perasis apenandi
    have/2.sg always look left and right before pass across
    Attempted: "You always have to look left and right before crossing the street"
Example #22:

    (10)     *Echo na apofevgo to krasi ya dhio evdhomadhes
    have/1sg avoid      the wine for two weeks
    Attempted: "I have to abstain from wine for two weeks"
Example #23:

    (12)     Echo na dho ton yatro simera. #Thimise mu na tilefoniso ke na kliso randevu
    have/1sg see the doctor today. Remind me call            and close appointment