The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Denis Creissels (2001). A typology of subject marker and object marker systems in African languages.

URL: http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/Annuaires/PDF/Creissels/Creissels_2005_SM-OM.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3639&langcode=men (2021-09-26).


Example #1:

    b. mahEi/       ti-lOilO
    chief        OM3P     -saw
    `The chief saw them'
Example #2:

    c. mahEi/       ti-waailO
    chief        OM3P     -killed
    `The chief killed them'
Example #3:

    d. mahEi/       tOilO
    chief        OM3SNH      .saw
    `The chief saw it'
Example #4:

    c. mbEi/         ve       kpana/   wE
    rice        give     Kpana    to
    `Give the rice to Kpana'
Example #5:

    d. fe                     kpana/   wE
    OM3SNH    .give      Kpana    to
    `Give it to Kpana'
Example #6:

    e. mbEi/         ve       ngiE/
    rice        give     3SH.to
    `Give the rice to him'
Example #7:

    f. fe                     ngiE/
    OM3SNH    .give      3SH.to
    `Give it to him'
Example #8:

    a. kpana$       gO/        a          mbEi/
    Kpana      give       with       rice
    `Give the rice to Kpana'
Example #9:

    b. kpana$       gO/        la
    Kpana      give       with.it
    `Give it to Kpana'
Example #10:

    c. ngi-gO/            a            mbEi/
    OM3SH   -give with            rice
    `Give the rice to him'