The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Denis Creissels (2001). A typology of subject marker and object marker systems in African languages.

URL: http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/Annuaires/PDF/Creissels/Creissels_2005_SM-OM.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3639&langcode=tsn (2021-09-24).


Example #1:

    a. kI-XU-biditseY
    SM1S-OM.2S    -call.TAM
    `I called you' (how is it possible that you didn't hear me?)
Example #2:

    a. kI-XU-boIY
    SM1S-OM2S   -see.TAM
    `I've seen you'
Example #3:

    b. kI-lU-rekileY
    SM1S-OMC   11-buy.TAM
    `I've bought it (the lamp)'
Example #4:

    c. kI-lU-XU-fileY
    SM1S-OMC   11-OM2S-give.TAM
    `I've given it to you (the lamp)'
Example #5:

    b. kI-lU-ba-fileY
    SM1S-OMC       11-OMC2-give.TAM
    `I've given it (the book) to them'