The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Peter J. Binkert (1996). The Cognitive Foundations of Language.

URL: http://chars.lin.oakland.edu/General/cfl60.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3642&langcode=lat (2021-12-06).


Example #1:

    (11)     a.    Dolabella Delo (ablative) proficiscitur.
    Dolabella Delos                 sets out
    `Dolabella sets out from Delos.'
Example #2:

    b.    Omni       Gallia (ablative)   Romanis interdicit.
    all        Gaul                Romans      bars
    `He bars   the Romans from     all (of) Gaul.'
Example #3:

    c.    Oculis (ablative) se      privavit.
    eyes              himself deprived
    `He deprived himself of his eyes.'
Example #4:

    a.    Hostes finibus (dative) appropinquant.
    enemy border            approach
    `The enemy approaches the border.'
Example #5:

    b.    Litteras mihi (dative) nuntius      reddidit.
    letter   to me         messenger delivered
    `The messenger delivered a letter to me.'
Example #6:

    c.    Mihi (dative) placet.
    to me           it pleases
    `It pleases me.'
Example #7:

    b.    Paulo scrive una lettera a Maria.
    Paul     wrties a          letter  to Mary
    `Paul is writing a letter to Mary.
Example #8:

    (i)    Nummi in marsupio infuerunt
    money in purse        in­be
    `The money was in the purse.'
Example #9:

    (ii)   Occurrebat ei         mancam et      debilem praeturam futuram      suam consule Milone
    it occurred to him maimed and feeble praetorship would be his consul Milo
    `It occurred to him that his praetorship would be maimed and feeble, if Milo wer
Example #10:

    (iii) Tranquillo ut aiunt          quilibet gubernator est.
    tranquil    as they say anyone pilot is
    `If the weather is tranquil, as they say, any man is a pilot.'
Example #11:

    (i)    Admonitum venimus             te (accusative case).
    to remind   we have come you
    `We have come to remind you.' (Cicero, De Oratore, 3, 17)
Example #12:

    (ii)   Legatos ad Caesarem mittunt           rogatum auxilium
    envoys to     Caesar     they send to ask for help
    `They send envoys to Caesar to ask for help.' (Caesar, Bellum Gallicum, 1, 11, 2
Example #13:

    (39)     a.    Brutus (nominative; [+DSJ]) Caesarem (accusative; [­DSJ]) interfecit.
    Brutus                      Caesar                        killed
    `Brutus killed Caesar.'
Example #14:

    b.    Brutus (nominative; [­DSJ] timet.
    Brutus                     fears
    `Brutus is afraid.'
Example #15:

    c.    Brutus (nominative; [­DSJ]) Caesarem (accusative; [+DSJ]) timet.
    Brutus                      Caesar                        fears
    `Brutus fears Caesar.'
Example #16:

    (40)     Caesar (nominative; [­DSJ]) a         Bruto (ablative; [+DSJ])    interfectus est.
    Caesar                        by      Brutus                      killed was
    `Caesar was killed by Brutus.'
Example #17:

    (41)     Brutus (nominative; [+DSJ]) nemini (dative; [­DSJ])          placet.
    Brutus                      no one                           pleases
    `Brutus please no one.'
Example #18:

    (42)     A    Bruto (ablative; [+DSJ])      nemini (dative; [­DSJ])     placetur.
    by Brutus                          to no one                   there is pleasing
    `No one is pleased by Brutus.'
Example #19:

    (45)     a.    Conatu (ablative; [+DSJ])     destitit.
    effort                        he abandoned
    `He abandoned (desisted from) the effort.'
Example #20:

    b.    Spem (accusative; [+DSJ]     deseruit.
    hope                         he abandoned
    `He abandoned hope.'
Example #21:

    (55)     a.    Homines gloriae (dative)           student.
    men        glory                   they desire
    `Men desire glory.'
Example #22:

    b.    Homines nobilitate (ablative) carent.
    men        nobility           they lack
    `Men lack nobility.'
Example #23:

    (56)     Homines gloriam (accusative)          cupiunt.
    men        glory                      they desire
    `Men desire glory.'
Example #24:

    magnitudinem (accusative) silvarum timere dicebant.
    vastness                       forest     to fear they say
    `They said that they did not dread the enemy but did fear the vastness of the fo
Example #25:

    b.     Caesar   suis (dative) rebus (dative) eos timere voluit.
    Caesar   their         things           them to fear wanted
    `Caesar  wanted them to fear for their own possessions.'
Example #26:

    (66)     a.     Cavebo             omnia (accusative).
    I will beware      everything
    `I will be take precautions against everything'
Example #27:

    b.     Melius ei (dative) cavere volo          quam ipse aliis (dative) solet.
    more      for him     beware I wish than        he for others         he is wont
    `I wish to look out for him more than he is wont to look out for others.'
Example #28:

    (67)     a.     Ego         moderor              equum           meum
    I.NOM       moderate.1SG         horse.ACC       my.ACC
    `I control my horse.'
Example #29:

    b.     Ego         moderor              orationi   meae
    I.NOM       moderate.1SG         speech.DAT my.DAT
    `I moderate my speech.'
Example #30:

    (68)     a.    ... ut         dominus navi (dative) moderaretur
    so that    owner      ship            he guided
    `so that the   owner guided the ship.'
Example #31:

    b.    Sororis tuae filio (dative) moderabor           diligentius.
    sister your son                 I will guide very diligently
    `I will exercise diligent control over your sister's son.'
Example #32:

    c.    Non vinum viris moderari, sed viri vino solent
    not wine       men control       but men wine accustomed
    `Wine does not usually control men, but men usually control wine.'
Example #33:

    (82)     a.    Cum funditoribus sagittariis­que flumen transgressi sunt
    with slingers       archers­and        river    crossed     have
    `They have crossed the river with the slingers and the archers.'
Example #34:

    b.    Pugnis, calcibus, unguibus, morsu denique                 certant.
    fists    heels       nails         teeth      even        they fight
    `They fight with their fists, heels, nails, and even teeth.'
Example #35:

    c.    Lex esse cum telis            vetat.
    law to be with weapons it forbids
    `The law forbids one to be armed.'
Example #36:

    d.    Subsequebatur omnibus copiis.
    he followed      all          forces
    `He followed with all his forces.'
Example #37:

    e.    [Subsequebatur] cum        omnibus       copiis.
    he followed      with      all           forces
    `He followed with all his forces.'
Example #38:

    (84)     a.    Di administratione (ablative )       rerum vacant.
    gods management                   things they are free
    `The gods are free from the management of the world.'
Example #39:

    b.    Milites     ab       opere (ablative) vacabant.
    soldiers    from     work             they were free
    `The soldiers were free from work.'
Example #40:

    c.    Philosophiae (dative) semper       vaco.
    for philosophy          always     I am free
    `I am always free for philosophy.'
Example #41:

    d.    In   nullum opus (accusative)          mea mens vacat.
    for no         work                  my mind   it is free
    `My mind has not been free for any work.'
Example #42:

    (92)     Ferris             certant.
    swords­with        they fight
    (91)     They fight with swords.
Example #43:

    a.    Laudatur       ab   his (EFFECTIVE), culpatur          ab    illis (EFFECTIVE).
    he is praised by     these                he is blamed by    those
    `He is praised by   these men and blamed by those.'
Example #44:

    b.   Templum de marmore (COMPOSITIONAL) ponam.
    temple       from marble                      I build
    `I will build a temple of marble.'
Example #45:

    fabri       de        area             nostra.
    workmen from          building­site my
    `The workmen have     been driven from my building­site by means of armed men.'
Example #46:

    d.   Neglegentia (CAUSAL) plectimur.
    Negligence                    we are chastised
    `We are chastised for negligence.'
Example #47:

    Mare       a       sole (CAUSAL)        lucet.
    sea        from    sun                  it gleams
    `The sea   gleams from the sun.'
Example #48:

    e.   Honores a            populo Romano (EFFERENTIAL)             adipiscor.
    honors      from     people Roman                            I receive
    `I receive honors from the Roman people.'
Example #49:

    f.   (Ex) animo (ORIGINATIVE) constamus              et  corpore.
    (out of) soul                    we consist     and body
    `We consist of soul and body.'
Example #50:

    g.   Sol multis partibus (DIFFERENTIAL) maior quam terra                   universa
    sun many parts                               larger than      earth   whole
    `The sun is many parts larger than the whole earth.'
Example #51:

    h.   Nil      desperandum          Teucro duce (DELIMITIVE).
    nothing should be despaired Teucer leader
    `There should be no despair if Teucer is our leader.'
Example #52:

    (100)    a.    Negotiator ex Africa (ABSENTIVE) est.
    merchant from Africa                        he is
    `He is a merchant from (out of) Africa.'
Example #53:

    b.    Ab urbe (ABESSIVE) profectus est
    from city                   set out  has
    `He set out from the city.'
Example #54:

    c.    De caelo (ELATIVE) demissus est.
    from heaven               he has been sent
    `He has been sent down from heaven.'
Example #55:

    d.    Libo discessit a      Brundisio (ABLATIVE).
    Libo departed from Brundisium
    `Libo departed from Brundisium.' (not from within the town, but from the harbor;
Example #56:

    a.    Mulier      exima (ablative) pulchritudine (ablative) (est).
    woman       rare              beauty                     (is)
    `She is a   woman of rare beauty.'
Example #57:

    a.   Veste (ablative) servili (ablative) navem conscendit.
    attire           of a slave         ship     he went on board
    `He went on board the ship in (with) a slave's attire.'
Example #58:

    b.   Novi     cum baculo (ablative)     pera­que (ablative) senem.
    I knew with stick                  wallet­and           old man
    `I knew an old man with a stick   and a wallet.'
Example #59:

    a.   (Cum) omnibus copiis (ablative) subsequebatur.
    (with) all          forces             he followed
    `He followed with all his forces.'
Example #60:

    b.   Armis          cum hoste (ablative) certant.
    weapons        with enemy                they fight
    `They fight    with the enemy with weapons.'
Example #61:

    a.   Cato est    Cicerone (ablative) eloquentior.
    Cato is     Cicero               more eloquent
    `Cato is mo re eloquent than Cicero.'
Example #62:

    b.   Nihil    est amabilius       virtute (ablative).
    nothing is    more lovable virtue
    `Nothing is more lovable than virtue.'
Example #63:

    a.    Mirabili (ablative) celeritate (ablative) venerunt.
    wonderful            speed                they came
    `They came with wonderful speed.'
Example #64:

    b.    Beate vivere, honeste, id est cum virtute vivere
    happily to live honestly it is           with virtue to live
    `To live happily is to live honestly, that is, with virtue.'
Example #65:

    a.    Pugnis, calcibus, unguibus, morsu denique                 certant.
    fists    heels       nails         teeth      even        they fight
    `They fight with their fists, heels, nails, and even teeth.'
Example #66:

    b.    Meis (ablative) laboribus (ablative) rem publicam liberavi
    my                toils                 state       I have saved
    `I have saved the state with my toils.'
Example #67:

    (107)    Haec    excubitoribus (ablative) tenebantur.
    these   sentinels                 were held
    `These were held by means of sentinels.'
Example #68:

    (116)    a.    Antonius regna addixit pecunia (ablative).
    Antony     thrones sold      money
    `Antony sold thrones for money.'
Example #69:

    b.    Eriphyla auro (ablative) viri              vitam vendidit.
    Eriphyle gold                   husband life      sold
    `Eriphyle sold the life of her husband for gold.'
Example #70:

    (i)    It    clamor       caelo (dative).
    rises a shout      to the sky.
    `A shout rises to the sky' (Vergil, Aeneid, 5, 451)
Example #71:

    (ii)   It    tristis     ad aethera        clamor.
    rises sad         to     heavens    a shout
    `A sad shout rises to the heavens' (Vergil, Aeneid, 12, 409)
Example #72:

    (152)    Puer qui pulcher      est puellam quae pulchra est             amat.
    boy who handsome is        girl      who pretty is             loves
    `The boy who is handsome loves the girl who is pretty.'
Example #73:

    and the Lavinian shores...'
Example #74:

    (156)    Per ego has lacrimas ...             te ... oro ...
    with I      these tears              you beg ...
    `With these tears, I beg you ...' (Vergil, Aeneid, IV, 314­319)
Example #75:

    (157)    saevae memorem Iunonis ob                    iram
    cruel   mindful      Juno     on account of wrath
    `on account of the endless (mindful) wrath of cruel Juno' (Vergil, Aeneid, I, 4)