The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sam Mchombo, Yukiko Morimoto & Caroline FĂ©ry (2005). PARTITIONING DISCOURSE INFORMATION.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/10/lfg05mchomboetal.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3679&langcode=nya (2021-09-17).


Example #1:

    (1) a. Njúchí izi        zi-ná-lúm-á álenje awa ópúsa.
    10.bees 10.these 10-P S T-bite-fv 2.hunter 2.these 2.foolish
    `These bees bit these foolish hunters.'
Example #2:

    b. Mikángó i-tátu i-ná-gúmúl-á         makólá ónse a-náyi.
    4lions 4three 4P S T-pull.down-fv 6corrals all 6four
    `Three lions pulled down all the four corrals.'
Example #3:

    (i) a. Álenje awa ópúsa a-ná-lúm-ídw-á                    ndí njúchí izi.
    2.hunter 2.these 2.foolish 2- P S T-bite-PA S S-fv by 10.bees 10.these
    `These foolish hunters were bitten by these bees.'
Example #4:

    b. Ndi makólá ónse anáyi améné mikángó itátu íná-gúmúl-á.
    C O P 6.corrals all 6.four 6.replo 4.lion      4.three 4-P S T-pull.down-fv
    `It was all the four corrals that the three lions pulled down.'
Example #5:

    (5) a. Anyání a-na-í-gúl-íl-á                makású awa óbúntha mikángó yókálamba.
    2.baboon 2- P S T-4O M-buy-A P P L-fv 6.hoe 6.these 6.blunt 4.lion 4.aged
    `The baboons bought (for) them these blunt hoes, (for) the aged lions.'
Example #6:

    b. *Anyání a-na-wa-gúl-íl-á              mikángó yókálamba makású awa óbúntha.
    2.baboon 2- P S T-6O M-buy-A P P L-fv 4.lion 4.aged     6.hoe 6.these 6.blunt
    [Intended as:] `The baboons bought them for the aged lions, these blunt hoes.'
Example #7:

    (21) (Njuchi izi)      (zi-na-luma alenje awa opusa)                              Canonical SVO sentence
    10.bee 10.these 10-past-bite 2.hunter 2.these 2.foolish
    `These bees bit these foolish hunters.'
Example #8:

    (22) (Njuchi izi)      (zi-na-wa-luma) (alenje awa opusa)                          Object right dislocation
    10.bee 10.these 10-past-2-bite 2.hunter 2.these 2.foolish
    `These bees bit them, these foolish hunters.'
Example #9:

    (23) (Mbúzí izi)      (inázísaaka) (mikáango)                                       Object left dislocation
    10.goat 10.these 4.past.10.hunt 4.lion
    `These goats, they (lions) hunted them (goats), the lions.'
Example #10:

    (24) (Alenje) (zinawaluma njuchi izi) (awa opusa)                         Splitting the head of the obj NP
    Hunters bite           bees these these foolish
    `These bees bit these foolish hunters.t'
Example #11:

    (25) (Alenje) (njuchi izi)     (zinawaluma) (awa opusa)                                               =(4c)
    2.hunter 10.bee 10.these 10.past.2.bite 2.these 2foolish
    `These bees bit these foolish hunters'