The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ellen Woolford (1993). Symmetric and Asymmetric Passives.

URL: http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/Woolford%20Symmetric%20and%20Asymmetric%20Passives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3705&langcode=now (2021-09-28).


Example #1:

    'She gave it to him for me.'
Example #2:

    a. omuseija a-ka-reet-er-        omwn ebiratwa.
    man      he-PAST-bring-APP-FV child   shoes
    'A man brought shoes for a child.'
Example #3:

    b.        omwn (ebirtwa) a-ka-bi-reet-er-w-            omusija.
    child    (shoes)    she-PAST-them-bring-APP-PAS-FV man
    'The child was brought them by a man.'
Example #4:

    c. *ebirtw (omwna) bi-ka-mu-reet-er-w-          omusija.
    shoes      (child) they-PAST-her-bring-APP-PAS-FV man
    'Shoes were brought for her by a man.'