The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ellen Woolford (1993). Symmetric and Asymmetric Passives.

URL: http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/Woolford%20Symmetric%20and%20Asymmetric%20Passives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3705&langcode=swh (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    a. Halima alimpa            Fatuma zawadi.
    Halima she-pst-her-give Fatuma gift
    'Halima gave Fatuma a gift.'
Example #2:

    b.   Halima alimpa           zawadi Fatuma.
    Halima she-pst-her-give gift   Fatuma
    'Halima gave Fatuma a gift.'
Example #3:

    c.   Fatuma alipewa           zawadi na Halima.
    Fatuma she-pst-give-pass gift   by Halima
    'Fatuma was given a gift by Halima.'
Example #4:

    d. *Zawadi ilipewa          Fatuma na Halima.
    gift   it-pst-give-pass Fatuma by Halima
    'A gift was given Fatuma by Halima.'