The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:


URL: http://ling.rutgers.edu/papers/babko.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3745&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (43)    a. *John-wa      pankizi-o      usuku tatai-ta
    John-NOM dough-ACC thin             pound-PAST
    `John pounded the dough thin'
Example #2:

    b. John-wa pankizi-o usuku nobasi-ta
    John TOP dough-ACC thin roll-PAST
    `John rolled the dough thin'
Example #3:

    (44)    a. uma-ga      maruta-o subesurbe-ni hikizut-ta
    horse-Nom log-ACC smooth               drag-PAST
    `The horses dragged the logs smooth'
Example #4:

    b. karera-wa sono otoko-o           timamire-ni nagut-ta
    they-Top the      man-ACC bloody              hit-PAST
    `They beat the man bloody'
Example #5:

    c. John-wa kinzoku-o       pikapika-ni migai-ta
    John-Top      metal-ACC shiny             polish-PAST
    `John polished the metal shiny'
Example #6:

    d. John-wa niku-o          yawarakaku ni-ta
    John-Top meat-ACC         soft           boil-ta
    `John boiled the meat soft'
Example #7:

    a. Hanakoi-ga (dorobo-ni) tI yubiwa-o to-rare-ta
    Hanako-NOM (thief-by) ring-ACC steal-pass-past
    `Hanako had a thief steal her ring on her'
Example #8:

    b. Hanako-ga ame-nihu-rare-ta
    Hanako-NOM rain-DAT fall-pass-past
    `Hanako had rain fall on her'