ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Shigeru Miyagawa (2003). Historical Development of the Accusative Case Marking in Japanese as Seen in Classical Literary Text.

URL: http://ling.cornell.edu/japanese_historical_linguistics/Miyagawa%20&%20Ekida%202002.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3773&langcode=ojp (2021-06-13).

 

Example #1:

    (2)    Ware-ha imo ___ omofu.
    I-Top       wife      think
    `I think of my wife.'
Example #2:

    (7)    ware-ha        imo ___        omofu
    I-Top          wife           think
    `I think of my wife.
Example #3:

    (8)    [sima-o          miru] toki
    island-Acc      look when
    `when I look upon the island'
Example #4:

    masaru      omohi      naki kana
    surpass     feeling    not     exist
    grief a parent feels mourning the loss of a child.'
Example #5:

    (10)   hito-no   mitogamuru-o       sirazu
    people    blame-Acc          not.know
    `not knowing that others blamed them'
Example #6:

    (11)   kono hito [uta ___ yoman                    to] omofu kokoro arite       narikeri
    this person poem       compose-intend Comp think mind exist              Cop
    `This person had the intention to compose poems.'
Example #7:

    (12)   a. isi-wa       kawa-ni otu        (Conclusive)
    rock-Top river-in        fall
    `Rocks fall into the river.'
Example #8:

    (13)   kimi-ga mi-fune-o           itu    to ka     matamu
    you-Nom fine-boat-Acc       when      Kakari wait(attrib.)
    `when may we await your fine boat back?'
Example #9:

    (14)   ware hitori         ya      wa tootoki    sirusi-o        uketamawamu?
    I       alone       Kakari     precious token-Acc         receive(attrib.)
    `Shall I alone receive the precious token?'
Example #10:

    sagusa-no-uta-o          nan        erabasetamahikeru
    various-Gen-poems-Acc Kakari        choose.cause.Honor.Past(attrib.)
    seasonal categories.'
Example #11:

    (16)   iki to si ikeru mono, izure ka                uta-o    yomazarikeru
    all the living     things which Kakari        poem-Acc compose.Neg.E(attrib.)
    `Every living creature sings.'
Example #12:

    siutome            ya         kufuran
    mother-in-law      Kakari     must.eat
    tender greens I picked (while the young miscanthus), cut my hands.'
Example #13:

    (18)   hitobito umi-o        nagametutu          zo         aru
    people     sea-Acc looking                Kakari     exist(attrib.)
    `People stared absently at the sea.'
Example #14:

    (19)   umi-o       miyareba
    sea-Acc     look.across(perfect.)
    `gazing out across the sea'
Example #15:

    (20)   kyoo-ha       aomuma-o                      omohedo,      kahi nasi
    today-Top     festival.of.blue.horse-Acc    think(perf.) effect not.exist
    `People thought in vain about the White Horse Banquet being held that day.'
Example #16:

    (22)   te ___ arahi,        rei-no      kotodomo ___ site,       hiru ni narinu
    hand wash(conj.) usual-Gen things              do(conj.) noon        became
    offices.'
Example #17:

    (23)   kore-o     nomi itagari,                 mono-o          nomi kuhite, yo      fukenu
    this-Acc only appreciate(conj.)          things-Acc      only eat(conj.) night fell
    `They uttered words of praise and kept on eating, (and it became late).'
Example #18:

    AH: kyoo-o         kaite, ... (p. 67)
    sutra-Acc transcribe
    chant prayers and to transcribe sutras for seven days and seven nights.'
Example #19:

    tobitachi kane         tsu tori ni shi ara ne ba
    fly away cannot        bird       E be Neg
    away as I am not a bird'
Example #20:

    (37)   waga se-no-kimi-wo ... ahi-te
    my     spouse-Acc      meet-Conjunctive
    `meeting with you' (Man'yooshuu 4006)
Example #21:

    (39)   kimi-wo-ba          mata-mu
    you       Top       wait will
    `(I) will wait for you' (Ma'yooshuu 7)
Example #22:

    (41)   hito ___ hasira-se-tu
    person     run-Cause-Past
    `(Kaoru) sent a man.' (Genji Monogatari, Hashihime, 111-5)
Example #23:

    (44)   a. ko-wo-to        tuma-wo-to         oki-te
    child-Acc-and wife-Acc-and         leave-Conj
    `leaving the wife and the child (behind)' (Man'yooshuu 4385)
Example #24:

    b. haru-no        yanagi-to ... ume-no-hana-to-wo...
    spring-Genwillow-and plum-Gen-flower-and-Acc
    `(how can I) tell which is better, the spring willow or the plum flower'
Example #25:

    (47)   Saho-no kahato-no            kiyoki se-wo          uma ___ utiwatasi
    -Gen rivergate-Gen clear.rapids               horse     cross
    `cross the clear rapids at the ferry of River Saho on horseback.' (Man'yooshuu 7
Example #26:

    (48)   inoti-wo-si    mataku      ari-koso    to     ihahi-te
    life -Acc Emph complete Cop-Comp Comp pray-Conj
    `praying (he) be safe and sound' (Man'yooshuu 3741)
Example #27:

    (49)   a. kono hito [uta ___ yoman                    to]   omofu kokoro arite           narikeri
    this   person poem        compose-intend Comp think mind exist                 Cop
    `This person had the intention to compose poems.'
Example #28:

    b. iki to si ikeru mono, izure ka                  uta-o    yomazarikeru
    all the living     things which Kakari          poem-Acc compose.Neg.E(Attribu.)
    `Every living creature sings.'
Example #29:

    (50)   kimi-wo-ba          mata-mu
    you       Top       wait will
    `(I) will wait for you' (Man'yooshuu 7)
Example #30:

    (54)   neshiku-wo uruwashimi           (from Kokinshuu as quoted in Sansom)
    sleep-Acc      admire
    `admiring his sleep'
Example #31:

    (60) Katashiho-o tori-tuzusirohi            kasuyusake           utisusurohi te
    salt-Acc     take-put into a mouth sake                     sip little by little
    `(one) put salt into a mouth little by little and sip sake little by little'
Example #32:

    megusi utukusi
    dear precious
    them dear and precious.'
Example #33:

    (62) Shimoto ___ toru satoosa-ga koe ha         neyado made ki-tati         yobahi-nu
    sticks    take village head-Gen voice bedroom until come-rise call-perfective
    calling out..'
Example #34:

    (63) hitomoto-no nadesiko ___ ue-si           sono kokoro
    one-Gen        pink           plant-past that heart
    `the heart that (one) planted a pick flower'
Example #35:

    (67)   mon-o      uti-tataku (427, 15)
    gate-Acc hit-knock
    `knock on the gate'
Example #36:

    (68)   yorozu-no                  kuruma-o notamahase-tigiru (432, 6)
    tens of thousands-Gen      carts-Acc call-honor-do vigorously
    `vigorously call tens of thousands of carts'
Example #37:

    (69)   awarenaru koto-o          notamawase-tigiru       (439, 1)
    pathetic thing-Acc        speak-Complete
    `spoke about pathetic things'
Example #38:

    (72)   arituru koto-o   hazukasi-to       omohituru-nameri-to obosi-te (433, 15)
    such a thing-Acc embarrassing-Comp think complete-probably think
    `thinking about such a thing (rumor) is probably embarrassing'
Example #39:

    (73)   tahabure-o     sesase-tamafu-nameri (434, 8)
    playfulness-Acc do-cause-honor-probably
    `probably allow playfulness'
Example #40:

    (74)   "kono hito-o            mi-n" (444, 5)
    this person-ACC look-intend
    `will look at this person'
Example #41:

    (75)   kaganabete     yo    ni ha        kokonoyo       hi       ni ha tooka      o
    total.days.nights                 nine.nights    days           ten.days   Emph.
    `The number of days is, of nights, nine, and of days, ten.'
Example #42:

    (76)   yaegaki         tukuru     sono yaegaki           o
    many fences build          thatmany.fences Emph.
    `I build a multiple fenced palance; Ah, that multiple fenced palace!'
Example #43:

    (77)   hakanaki tahabure goto-mo ifu hito (425, 1)
    transient not serious things-too say people
    `people who say things which are transient and not serious'
Example #44:

    (78)   omohitatu koto-sae       hono kiki-turu hito (433, 12)
    decide    things-even barely hear-complete people
    `people who barely heard about (Izumi Shikibu's) decision'
Example #45:

    (79)   takimono-nado sesase-tamafu         hodo-ni (407, 10)
    incense-such       do cause-honor while
    `while ... make (someone) burn incense'
Example #46:

    (81)   susabi    goto ___ suru-ni        koso        (408, 4)
    ephemeral things      do          Kakari
    `do ephemeral things'
Example #47:

    (85)   tokoro    kahe-taru (435, 9)
    places    changed-perfective
    `have changed places'
Example #48:

    (86)   mono         omoha-nu sama nare (419, 6)
    thing        think-Neg state cop
    `be in a state of not pondering over (something)'
Example #49:

    (87)   higoro     mono      ihi-turu        hito (421, 14)
    daily      thing     said-perfective     person
    `a person whom (one) talks at daily basis'
Example #50:

    (88)   on-tukahi ___ matidoo-ni     ya          omofu-ran to te (428, 4)
    messenger      long for    Kakari    feel-speculative
    `think that a messenger seems long incoming'
Example #51:

    (92)   kono koto ___ hitobito mousunaru-ha                  (407, 12)
    these things       people      say
    `that people say these things'
Example #52:

    (94)   on-kaheri        kikoe-sase-ture ba (401, 9)
    response         send-cause-perfective
    `made (someone) send a response'
Example #53:

    (95)   o-kyau       naraha-se-tamahi-kereba (440,10)
    sutra        learn-cause-honor-past
    `made (someone) learn sutra'
Example #54:

    (96)   amari mono        kikoe-sase-tamaha-ne-ba (445,12)
    very thing        speak-honor-Neg
    `did not correspond very often'
Example #55:

    (97)   on-fumi mire ba (413, 3)
    letter      saw
    `saw a letter'
Example #56:

    (98)   hitobito fumi tukuru-mere ba (438,1)
    people     letter write-seem
    `seems that people write letters'
Example #57:

    (103) sirokane-no su-o         hitobito tuki-sirofu (25,1)
    silver-Gen cover-Acc people poke-each other
    `people laugh at the silver cover each other'
Example #58:

    (104) kosi-bakari-o      rei-ni      tagahe-ru-nameri (19,14)
    waist-only-Acc regular         violate-perfective-probably
    `seem to violate the regular custom of putting clothing on around the waist'
Example #59:

    (105) kesiki-o        si-tari    (57, 2)
    looks-Acc       do-perfective
    `had the looks'
Example #60:

    (106) maku-nado             hiki-tari       (480, 15)
    curtain-such          drew
    `drew a curtain'
Example #61:

    (107) kao-bakari    miyarare-tari      (490, 11)
    face-only     turned eyes
    `turned my eyes only toward the face...'
Example #62:

    (108) tenzyoobito-no        za-ha      nishi-o   kami nari           (22, 4)
    court members-Gen seat-Top west-Acc head is
    `the highest court members sat down from the west end'
Example #63:

    (110) nuka-o          tuku        (16, 2)
    forehead-Acc hit
    `hit the forehead'
Example #64:

    (111) asi-o       sora nari          (48, 5)
    feet-Acc skyare
    `the feet are towards the sky'
Example #65:

    (112) ware-o     nikumu tomo (78,2)
    self-Acc hate although
    `although I hate myself'
Example #66:

    (113) sore-o ware masarite       iha-mu to (78,6)
    it-Acc I    more than speak-intend Comp
    `I speak about it more than (others do)'
Example #67:

    (114) mi-tyau-no uti-o         tohora-se-tamafu (43,11)
    screen-Gen inside-Acc pass-cause-honor
    `let ... pass inside the screen'
Example #68:

    (115) kyau-o      narai-habera-mu (80,8)
    sutra-Acc learn-humble-intend
    `will learn sutra'
Example #69:

    (116) hitobito namida-o e hosiae-zu (14, 6)
    people     tears-Acc can dry-Neg
    `people could not stop crying'
Example #70:

    (117) mi-tyau futatu-ga usiro-no hosomiti-o           e hito-mo tohora-zu (15, 5)
    screen two-Gen back-Gen narrow passage-Acc people-too pass-Neg
    `people also do not pass through the narrow passage behind the two screens'
Example #71:

    (118) yomi-si fumi-nado        ihi-kemu (79,9)
    read-past letter-such    speak-past speculative
    `probably spoke about the letter that (one) read'
Example #72:

    (119) hito-bakari      sukosi natukasiku omofu zo (46,10)
    people-only little dearly           feel  Kakari
    `only feel a little dearly about people'
Example #73:

    (120) hakanaki monogatari        suru-o kikosimesi-tutu (7,6)
    transient stories      do-Acc listen honor-while
    `while listening to transient stories'
Example #74:

    (123) tukahi-no          kimi-no bin kaka-se-tamafu         beki       kesiki-o (57,2)
    messenger-Nom you-Gen hair fix-cause-honor            should     sign
    `a sign to make the messenger fix your hair'
Example #75:

    (124) sauzo     ki-taru (26,3)
    clothing wear-perfective
    `wore clothing'
Example #76:

    (125) sauzo     ki-tamaheru mo (40,20)
    clothing wear-honor
    `wearing clothing'
Example #77:

    (126) kokoro     yosu-beki (52,11)
    heart      close-should
    `should have a feeling for (someone)'
Example #78:

    (127) fumi     yomi-haberi-si toki (79,3)
    letter   read-be-past when
    `when (there is someone) who reads a letter'
Example #79:

    (128) kami      age-taru (23, 7)
    hair      fix-perfective
    `fixed (her) hair'
Example #80:

    (129) kami      aguru koto (23,11)
    hair      fix thing
    `fixing (her) hair'
Example #81:

    (130) kami      age-taru         katati-nado (84, 10)
    hair      fix-perfective shape-such
    `a hairstyle which fixed up'
Example #82:

    (131) te      fururu hito-mo       koto-ni            nasi (75,3)
    hands touch person-Kakari particularly          not exist
    `there is nobody who touches (one)'
Example #83:

    (132) iro     yurusa-re-taru-ha (20,14)
    color permit-passive-perfective-Top
    `(those) who permitted a special color'
Example #84:

    (133) iro    yurusa-re-taru                hitobito-ha (33,5)
    color permit-passive-perfective     people-Top
    `people who permitted a special color'
Example #85:

    (134) Fujiwara-nagara mon        wakare-taru (37,4)
    Fujiwara-despite gate      part-perfective
    `parting from the family despite being a Fujiwara'
Example #86:

    (135) ima-ha     kotozi-ni      nikaha     sasu you ni te (65,6)
    now-Top koto bridge-on glue          apply appear to be
    `appear to be applying glue on a koto bridge now (being inflexible)'
Example #87:

    (136) fumi     okose-tamahe-ru          kaheri goto (30,12)
    letter    sent-honor-perfective response
    `respose to a letter which was sent out'
Example #88:

    (137) fumi ___ hasirigaki-taru-ni         (72, 8)
    letter     scribble-perfective
    `scribble a letter'
Example #89:

    (138) sisoku      sasa-nu-bakari (50,8)
    lamp        light-Neg-only
    `not lighting a lamp'
Example #90:

    (139) sisoku-o     sasi-idetaru ka to        (Aoi, 808, 7)
    lamp-Acc     light-brought Kakari
    `wondering who lit and brought the lamp'
Example #91:

    (140) kyau ___ yomu-o dani                (75, 6)
    prayer      read-Acc although
    `although...chanting sutra'
Example #92:

    (141) misu ___ aguru kiha-ni        (88, 11)
    screen     raise moment-at
    `at the moment of raising the screen'
Example #93:

    (142) misu ___ kake-taru-ni           (89, 1)
    screen     hanper-fective
    `hang the screen'
Example #94:

    (143) sarusama-no           koto    sirosimesa mahosi ge-ni (79,13)
    certain situation-Gen fact know honor want appear
    `showing a desire to know a certain situation'
Example #95:

    (144) ito tosi  he-taru            hitobito (14,14)
    long time pass-perfective people
    `people who passed for a long time'
Example #96:

    (145) mono-no kazukazu         kaki-taru        fumi (27,3)
    thing-Gen many           write-perfective document
    `document in which (one) wrote many things'
Example #97:

    (147) hitorigo    tare-si (58,8)
    monologue utter-past
    `uttered a monologue'
Example #98:

    (148) mozi        otosi    zo     habera-mu (81, 13)
    character leave out Kakari be honor-intend
    `leave out a character'
Example #99:

    (149) noti-ni zo         goban-no sama-nado  mi-tamahe ba (9, 14)
    later Kakari table-Gen view-such look-honor
    `later (one) looked at the table'
Example #100:

    (150) tohori    ariki-tamahe ba (56, 7)
    hallway walk -honor
    `walk around a hallway'
Example #101:

    (151) mi-fune         sumiyakani koga-shi-tamahe (Tosa, 45, 7)
    honor-boat      speedily       paddle-cause-honor
    `Please let the boat paddle speedily'
Example #102:

    (152) fune    toku koge (Tosa, 50, 10)
    boat    quickly row
    `Row the boat quickly!'
Example #103:

    (153) rei-no         kotodomo      mina shi-ohe te (Tosa, 27, 5)
    custom-Gen things             all do-finish
    `we finished all the customary things'
Example #104:

    (156) sono hito-no       umugashiki koto isoshiki koto-o           tsuhini wasure-ji
    that person-Nom grateful         thing diligent thing-Acc forever forget-neg
    `(One) will never forget how grateful and diligent that person was.'
Example #105:

    (157) wa-ga Ookimi Sumeramikoto-no oomae ni tate-matsuru koto-o              moosu.
    I-Gen Emperor-Nom                  in front of offer-humble thing-Acc state-humble
    `(one) reports that (someone) will offer (something) to our honorable Emperor.'
Example #106:

    (158) wakaregataki       koto-o        ifu (Tosa, 30, 2)
    separate.difficult thing-acc say
    `(they) express the fact that it is difficult to depart'
Example #107:

    (159) Awa-no-mito-o             waharu (Tosa, 47, 12)
    Awa-Gen-water gate-Acc cross
    `We crossed a water gate in Awa'
Example #108:

    (160) Tanakawa-to       ifu     tokoro-o wataru (Tosa, 47, 14)
    Tanakawa-comp say         place-Acc cross
    `We crossed the place called Tanakawa'
Example #109:

    (163) kami-hotoke-o       inoru (Tosa, 44, 13)
    God-Buddha-Acc pray
    `call upon (or recite) the name of God and Buddha'
Example #110:

    (164) kami-hotoke-o       inoru (Tosa, 49, 2)
    God-Buddha-Acc pray
    `call upon (or recite) the name of God and Buddha'
Example #111:

    (168) otoko kuruma ___ futatu-bakari hiki-tate te        (505, 14)
    man cart           two-about      pull-line
    `a man pulls and lines two carts'
Example #112:

    (1.1)   mon-o      uti-tataku (427, 15)
    gate-Acc hit-knock
    `knock on the gate'
Example #113:

    (1.2)   yorozu-no              kuruma-o notamahase-tigiru (432, 6)
    tens of thousands-Gen carts-Acc call-honor-do vigorously
    `vigorously call tens of thousands of carts'
Example #114:

    notamawase-tigiru (439, 1)
    speak-honor-do ardently
    `ardently speak about pathetic things that rarely exist in this world'
Example #115:

    (1.4)   arituru koto-o   hazukasi-to       omohituru-nameri-to obosi-te (433, 15)
    such a thing-Acc embarrassing-Comp think complete-probably think
    `thinking about such a thing (rumor) is probably embarrassing'
Example #116:

    (1.5)   tahabure-o        se-sase-tamafu-nameri (434, 8)
    playfulness-Acc do-cause-honor-probably
    `probably allow playfulness'
Example #117:

    (1.6)   kaze-no oto-o             obosi-yaranu-nameri kasi (435, 2)
    winds-Gensounds-Acc think-over-probably Emph.
    `probably think over the sounds of winds'
Example #118:

    (1.7)   "kono hito-o        mi-n" (444, 5)
    this person-Acc look at-intend
    `will look at this person (Izumi Shikibu)'
Example #119:

    (1.8)   hakanaki tahabure goto-mo ifu hito (425, 1)
    transient not seriousthings-too say people
    `people who say things which are transient and not serious'
Example #120:

    (1.9)   omohitatu koto-sae       hono kiki-turu hito (433, 12)
    decide    things-even barely hear-complete people
    `people who barely heard about (Izumi Shikibu's) decision'
Example #121:

    (1.10) takimono-nado        se-sase-tamafu     hodo-ni (407, 10)
    incense-such         do-cause-honor while
    `while ... make (someone) burn incense'
Example #122:

    (1.11) okonai-nado       suru-ni dani (432, 12)
    suggestion-such do although
    `although (we) give (Izumi Shikibu) suggestions'
Example #123:

    (1.12) susabi    goto        suru-ni koso    are (408, 4)
    ephemeral things      do Kakari       cop
    `do ephemeral things'
Example #124:

    (1.13) suki goto       se-si hitobito-nofumi (434, 8)
    affairs         do-past people-Gen letter
    `letters of people who took part in affairs'
Example #125:

    (1.14) tokoro    kahe-taru (435, 9)
    places    changed-perfective
    `have changed places'
Example #126:

    (1.15) mono         omoha-nu sama nare (419, 6)
    thing        think-Neg state cop
    `be in a state of not pondering over (something)'
Example #127:

    (1.16) higoro     mono      ihi-turu            hito (421, 14)
    daily      thing     said-perfective     person
    `a person whom (one) talks at daily basis'
Example #128:

    (1.17) on-tukahi      matidoo-ni ya       omofu-ran to te (426, 4)
    messenger long for     Kakari      feel-speculative
    `(one) probably yearn for the arrival of a messenger'
Example #129:

    (1.18) kono koto          hitobito mousu-naru-ha (407, 12)
    these things       people say-cop-Top
    `that people say these things'
Example #130:

    omofu hitobiro (408, 10)
    think people
    `people who think it is outrageous to some and visit like this'
Example #131:

    (1.20) ikanaru koto        kikosimesi-taru ni ka-to (433, 15)
    what kinds of thing hear-perfective    Kakari-Comp
    `wondering what kinds of things (someone) heard'
Example #132:

    (1.21) mutukasiki koto      ifu-o    kikosimesi te (444, 9)
    disturbing things say-Acc hear-honor
    `hear that (someone) says disturbing things'
Example #133:

    (1.22) yononaka        goranzi-haturu     made (408, 3)
    world           see and ascertain until
    `until (Prince) ascertains about the world'
Example #134:

    (1.23) hito    tukaha-n       kara-ni (443, 8)
    person send-intend because
    `because I will send a person to you'
Example #135:

    (1.24) sode     wasure-haberu ori (423, 8)
    sleeves  forget-humble when
    `When (someone) forget sleeves'
Example #136:

    (1.25) on-kaheri      kikoe-sase-ture ba (401, 9)
    response       send-cause-perfective
    `made (someone) send a response'
Example #137:

    (1.26) on-fumi        mire ba (413, 3)
    letter         saw
    `saw a letter'
Example #138:

    (1.27) hitobito fumi         tukuru-mere ba (438,1)
    people     letter     write-seem
    `seems that people write letters'
Example #139:

    (1.28) o-kyau     naraha-se-tamahi-kereba (440,10)
    sutra     learn-cause-honor-past
    `made (someone) learn sutra'
Example #140:

    (1.29) amari mono        kikoe-sase-tamaha-ne-ba (445,12)
    very thing        speak-honor-Neg
    `did not correspond very often'
Example #141:

    (2.1)   tatibana-no hana-o            tori-ide-tare ba (399, 14)
    orange colored flower-Acc take-put out-perfective
    `when I take out the orange colored flower'
Example #142:

    (2.2)   on-fumi-o sasi-ide-tare ba (400, 5)
    letter-Acc bring-hand out-perfective
    `when (someone) brought and handed out a letter'
Example #143:

    (2.3)   yononaka      goranzi-haturu-made ha (408, 3)
    society       see-ascertain-until
    `until (Miya Emperor) ascertains the society'
Example #144:

    hodo-ni zo (429, 12)
    when Kakari
    `while (Izumi Shikibu) writes down her feelings of this dawn on paper'
Example #145:

    (2.5)   tumado-o osi-ake-tare ba (420, 12)
    door-Acc push-open-perfective
    `pushed and opened the door'
Example #146:

    (2.6)   kono kado-o uti-tataka-suru        hito ara-n (421, 1)
    this gate-Acc hit-knock-cause person exist-speculative
    `It seems that there is a person who makes (someone) knock this gate'
Example #147:

    you     naru ni (422, 14)
    look cop
    `it appears to create everything related to pathos'
Example #148:

    (2.8)   on-fumi-o tori-ide-taru (426, 10)
    letter-Acc take-come out-perfective
    `took out a letter'
Example #149:

    (2.9)   kado-o     uti-tataku (427, 15)
    gate-Acc hit-knock
    `knock on the gate'
Example #150:

    (2.10) yorozu-no              kuruma-o notamahase-tigiru (423, 6)
    tens of thousands-gen carts-Acc call-complete
    `called tens of thousands of carts'
Example #151:

    (2.11) hito-no         ue-o-mo             mi-sadame-n (433, 4)
    person-Gen future-Acc-too           look after-decide
    `will look after a person's future'
Example #152:

    (2.12) kaze-no oto-o             obosi-yara-nu (435, 2)
    wind-Gen sounds-Acc think-over-Neg
    `do not think over the sounds of winds'
Example #153:

    notamahase-tigiru (439, 1)
    speak about-complete
    `spoke about pathetic things which seem not to exist in this world'
Example #154:

    (2.14) ana-o        ake-sahagu zo          ito sama           asiki ya (444, 5)
    hole-Acc peek-noisy Kakari very appearance disgraceful Kakari
    `Isn't it very disgraceful to peek into the holes and be noisy'
Example #155:

    (2.15) furusato        mazu omohi-ide raru (444, 6)
    hometown first think-come to mind naturally
    `first, her hometown naturally comes to mind'
Example #156:

    (2.16) yononaka-o nageki-wabi-tutu (399, 1)
    world-Acc sigh-lament
    `while she sighs and laments over the world'
Example #157:

    (2.17) kehai-o    goranzi-tuke te (400, 5)
    sign-Acc see-recognize
    `recognize a sign'
Example #158:

    (2.18) ito warinaki       kotodomo-o notamahi-tigiri te (402, 8)
    very inevitable    things-Acc     speak-do ardently
    `ardently speak of things which are very inevitable'
Example #159:

    (2.19) kami-no hitohe-o               hiki-kaesi te (406, 8)
    paper-Gen a piece of-Acc       pull-turn over
    `turn over a piece of paper'
Example #160:

    obosi-ide te (406, 14)
    feel-come out
    `feel pathos for (someone's) attitude of meditation'
Example #161:

    (2.21) kuruma-o sasi-yose te (399, 1)
    carts-Acc place-bring
    `place the cart down and at rest'
Example #162:

    (2.22) afugi-o     sasi-ide te (412, 10)
    fan-Acc hold out-put out
    `hold out a fan'
Example #163:

    (2.23) on-kuruma-o hiki-ire te (415, 9)
    cart-Acc         pull-bring in
    `pull the cart in'
Example #164:

    (2.24) soramimi-o          koso kiki-ohasouzi te (419, 8)
    mishearing-Acc      Kakari hear
    `only mishear'
Example #165:

    (2.25) tumado        osi-ake te mire ba (428, 2)
    door          push-open see
    `when I pushed and opened the door and looked'
Example #166:

    (3.1)   on-kokoromuke          si_te (401, 6)
    intention              do
    `(Prince) has an intend (to visit Izumi Shikibu)'
Example #167:

    (3.2)   sugusu-o-mo       wasure ya suru-to (405, 1)
    spend-Acc-too     forget kakari do
    (Izumi Shikibu)'
Example #168:

    (3.3)   takimono-nado         se-sase-tamau    hodo-ni (407,10)
    incense-such          do cause-honor while
    `while (Izumi Shikibu) burned incense'
Example #169:

    (3.4)   hakanaki susabi       goto       suru-ni koso are (408, 4)
    transient ephemeral things       do Kakari cop
    `do ephemeral and transient things'
Example #170:

    (3.5)   on-monogatari        si-tamahi te (408, 11)
    stories              do-honor
    `(Prince) tells stories'
Example #171:

    (3.6)   monogatari        ahare-ni       si-tamahi te (409, 4)
    a story          pathetically do-honor
    `(Prince) tells a stories pathetically'
Example #172:

    (3.7)   monogatari           si-tamafu (409, 14)
    a story              do-honor
    `(Prince) tells a story'
Example #173:

    (3.8)   hisumasiharawa        si te (412, 3)
    young servants do
    `(Izumi Shikibu) sends a low-status young (boy) servant'
Example #174:

    (3.9)   on-mae-ni hitobito         si te (412, 5)
    front      people          do
    `(Prince) has people attending him'
Example #175:

    (3.10) on-monogatari        si te (412, 8)
    a story              do
    `(Prince) tells a story'
Example #176:

    (3.11) rei-no kuruma-ni sauzoku     se-sase yo (424, 12)
    that cart        clothes    do-cause
    `make (someone) decorate that cart'
Example #177:

    (3.12) okonahi-nado      suru dani (432, 12)
    suggestions-such do although
    `although (we) give (Izumi Shikibu) suggestions'
Example #178:

    (3.13) tabine-o                  zo suru (433, 6)
    sleep during travel-Acc   Kakari do
    `sleep during travel'
Example #179:

    (3.14) suki goto       se-si hitobito-no      fumi-o-mo (434, 8)
    affairs     do-past   people-Gen letter-Acc-too
    `letters from people who did affairs too'
Example #180:

    (3.15) tahabure-o        se-sase-tamafu-nameri (434, 10)
    playfulness-Acc do-cause-honor-probably
    `probably allow playfulness'
Example #181:

    (4.1)   hakanaki koto-o-mo-to omohi te (400, 2)
    transient thing-Acc-too think
    `think it is a transient thing'
Example #182:

    (4.2)   kakaru koto        yume hito-ni ifu-na (400, 8)
    these things       ever people tell-Neg
    `never tell anyone these things'
Example #183:

    (4.3)   kono koto      hitobito mousu-naru-ha (407, 12)
    these things people        say-cop-Top
    `that people say these things'
Example #184:

    omofu hitobito (488, 10)
    think people
    `people who think it is outrageous to come and visit like this'
Example #185:

    (4.5)   hitoyo-no       koto-o     namauku obosa-re te (411, 9)
    a certain night things-Accunpleased feel-of its own accord
    `naturally feel unpleased about a certain night'
Example #186:

    kaki-tukuru hodo-ni (419, 11)
    write-make while
    `while (she) wrote down her feelings of this dawn on paper'
Example #187:

    (4.7)   binnakikoto    ikade     kikosimesa-re-zi (433, 5)
    improper things how           hear-of its own accord-not
    things'
Example #188:

    (4.8)   ikanaru    koto      kikosimesi-taru ni ka to (433, 15)
    what kinds of things tell-perfective     Kakari Comp
    `wondering what kinds of things (he) told'
Example #189:

    (4.9)   arituru koto-o    hazukasi-to             omohi-turu    nameri to (433, 15)
    such a thing-Acc embarrassing-Comp think-perfective probably Comp
    `thinking about such a thing (rumor) is probably embarrassing'
Example #190:

    (4.10) rei-no   aharenaru koto-domo      kaka-se-tamahi te (435, 9)
    those-Gen pathetic thing-such      write-cause-honor
    `make (someone) write those pathetic things'
Example #191:

    notamaha-se te (439, 8)
    say-honor
    `saying that (Prince's) manner is more unstable than usual'
Example #192:

    (4.12) koyohi-no         koto-o      yume-ni nasa baya (444, 9)
    this evening-Gen things-Accdream         make wish
    `wish to made the event of this evening into a dream'
Example #193:

    (4.13) mutukasiki koto        ifu-o       kikosimesi te (444, 9)
    disturbing things      say-Acc hear-honor
    `hear that (one) says disturbing things'
Example #194:

    (4.14) hakanaki susabi       goto       suru-ni koso are (408, 4)
    transient ephemeral things       do Kakari cop
    `do transient and ephemeral things'
Example #195:

    amata ari sika ba (425, 1)
    many exist past
    `because there were many people who say things which are not serious'
Example #196:

    (4.16) omohitatu koto-sae hono kiki-turu              hito-mo (433, 12)
    decide   thing-even barely hear-perfective people-too
    `people who barely heard about (Izumi Shikibu's) decision'
Example #197:

    (5.1)   sirokane-no su-o           hitobito tuki-sirofu (25,1)
    silver-Gen cover-Acc       people poke-each other
    `people laugh at the silver cover each other'
Example #198:

    (5.2)   tono-no uti-o          iyoiyo tukurohi-migakase-tamafu (29,13)
    emperor-Gen residence-Acc finally repair-decorate-honor
    `finally fix and decorate the emperor's residence'
Example #199:

    yori-tutu maki-age-tamafu (40,14)
    tie roll-lift-honor
    `people who were sitting between the screens approached, rolled and tied the scr
Example #200:

    (5.4)   imiziku tumazuma-o yui-soe-tari (55,2)
    awfully edges-Acc sewed-set-perfective
    `sewed and set (its) edges awfully'
Example #201:

    (5.5)   hito-no        aunaki na-o       ihi-ohosu beki          nara-zu (67,4)
    person-Nom shallow name-Accsay-blame must                cop-Neg
    `one must not talk about me being frivolous'
Example #202:

    (5.6)   kosi-bakari-o      rei-ni      tagahe-ru-nameri (19,14)
    waist-only-Acc regular         violate-perfective-probably
    `seem to violate the regular custom of putting clothing on around the waist'
Example #203:

    (5.7)   tada ebizome-o           ki-se-tari (53,10)
    simply vine coloring-Acc wear-honor-perfective
    `simply wore vine-coloring clothing'
Example #204:

    (5.8)   kosi-o            kagame-tari (8,8)
    lower back-Acc bend-perfective
    `bended (one's) lower back'
Example #205:

    (5.9)   karakusa-o               nuhi-tari (19,12)
    arabesque pattern-Acc    sew-perfective
    `sewed an arabesque pattern'
Example #206:

    (5.10) koki utimono-o        ue-ni ki-tari (28,12)
    deep colored clothing-Acc top-on wear-perfective
    `wore a deep colored clothing on top'
Example #207:

    (5.11) fusenryo-o hazidan-ni          some-tari (32,9)
    figure-Acc reddish yellow      dye-perfective
    `dyed a figure into reddish yellow'
Example #208:

    si-tari (33,13)
    do-perfective
    `wore nine layered Chinese style clothing as they wish'
Example #209:

    (5.13) sirokane-no sausibako-o sue-tari (57,1)
    silver-Gen      notes box-Acc put-perfective
    `put silver notes box'
Example #210:

    (5.14) kesiki-o si-tari (57,2)
    looks-Acc do-perfective
    `had the looks'
Example #211:

    (5.15) koki usuki itutu-o      kasane-tari (88,6)
    deep light five-Acc layer-perfective
    `layered five different deep and light colored clothing'
Example #212:

    (5.16) tenzyobito-no          za-ha      nishi-o   kami nari (22,4)
    court member-Gen seat-Top west-Acc head cop
    `the highest court members sat down from the west end'
Example #213:

    omohi-tamahi-kemu (36,11)
    think-honor-past speculative
    `why did I feel my previous visits as such an honor'
Example #214:

    (5.18) nuka-o          tuku (16,2)
    forehead-Acc hit
    `hit the forehead (religious worship custom)'
Example #215:

    (5.19) asi-o       sora nari (48,5)
    feet-Acc sky cop
    `the feet are in the air' (
Example #216:

    (5.20) ware-o     nikumu tomo (78,2)
    self-Acc hate      although
    `although I hate myself'
Example #217:

    (5.21) sore-o ware masarite       iha-mu to (78,6)
    it-Acc I    more than speak-intend Comp
    `I speak about it more than (others do)'
Example #218:

    (5.22) mi-tyau-no       uti-o       tohora-se-tamafu (43,11)
    screen-Gen inside-Acc pass-cause-honor
    `let ... pass inside the screen'
Example #219:

    (5.23) kyau-o      narai-habera-mu (80,8)
    sutra-Acc learn-humble-intend
    `will learn sutra'
Example #220:

    (5.24) hitobito-o     e      hosiae-zu (14,6)
    people-Acc Emph. dry-Neg
    `people could not stop crying'
Example #221:

    tohora-zu (15,5)
    pass-Neg
    `people also do not pass through the narrow passage behind the two screens'
Example #222:

    (5.26) siki-no   iti-no    maki-o            yomu (20,5)
    Shiki-Gen first-Gen volume-Acc        read
    `read the first volume of Shiji'
Example #223:

    (5.27) taifu-o                 kokoro koto-ni motenasi-kikoyu (38,9)
    court member-Acc particular take care-honor
    `take a particular care of the court member'
Example #224:

    (5.28) tada goseti-dokoro-no      okasiki koto-o         kataru (52,6)
    only dressing room-Gen interesting things-Acc speak
    `speak about the interesting things of the dressing room'
Example #225:

    (5.29) yobe-no        on-kuti-zusami-o mede-kikoyu (86,8)
    last night-Gen recitation-Acc appreciate-honor
    `appreciate the poems recited last night'
Example #226:

    (5.30) tori-no hakyu-o       asobu (89,13)
    a part of Gagaku-Acc play
    `play a part of Gagaku (music)'
Example #227:

    (5.31) yomi-si fumi-nado        ihi-kemu (79,9)
    read-past letter-such speak-past speculative
    `probably spoke about the letter that (one) read'
Example #228:

    (5.32) hito-bakari      sukosi natukasiku omofu zo (46,10)
    people-only little dearly           feel  Kakari
    `only feel a little dearly about people'
Example #229:

    (5.33) fue-nado        fuki-ahase-taru (83,5)
    flute-such      play-join together-perfective
    `played flutes together'
Example #230:

    (5.34) hakanaki monogatari        suru-o kikosimesi-tutu (7,6)
    transient stories          do-Acc listen honor-while
    `while listening to transient stories'
Example #231:

    (5.35) hirune    si-tamahe-ru       hodo nari-keri (11,1)
    nap do-honor-perfective when cop-past
    `it was when (one) was taking a nap'
Example #232:

    (5.36) kakai     si-taru (37,5)
    promote do-perfective
    `... was promoted'
Example #233:

    (5.37) monogatari        si-tamahi-si    kehai (46,12)
    stories          do-honor-past    sign
    `the sign ... (someone) converse'
Example #234:

    (5.38) kokoro-zukai      se-raruru kokoti-su (61,11)
    care              do-honor feel
    `having a feeling to care for....'
Example #235:

    (5.39) monozutumi       se-sase-tamaheru on-kokoti-ni (68,11)
    shyness          do-honor-honor feeling
    `having a feeling of being shy'
Example #236:

    kesiki-o (57,2)
    sign
    `a sign to make the messenger fix your hair'
Example #237:

    (5.41) ue     idaki-utusi-tatematura-se-tamafu hodo (35,3)
    prince hold-move-honor-cause-honor when
    `when (someone) make (one) hold a prince'
Example #238:

    (5.42) moti      maira-se-tamafu kotodomo (88,11)
    rice cake bring-cause-honor things
    `making (someone) bring rice cakes'
Example #239:

    (5.43) sauzo     ki-taru (26,3)
    clothing wear-perfective
    `wore clothing'
Example #240:

    (5.44) sauzo    ki-tamaheru mo (40,20)
    clothing wear-honor
    `wearing clothing'
Example #241:

    (5.45) kokoro       yosu-beki (52,11)
    heart        close-should
    `should have a feeling for (someone)'
Example #242:

    (5.46) fumi     yomi-haberi-si toki (79,3)
    letter   read-be-past when
    `when (there is someone) who reads a letter'
Example #243:

    (5.47) kami      age-taru (23, 7)
    hair      fix-perfective
    `fixed (her) hair'
Example #244:

    (5.48) kami      aguru koto (23,11)
    hair      fix thing
    `fixing (her) hair'
Example #245:

    (5.49) kami      age-taru         katati-nado (84, 10)
    hair      fix-perfective shape-such
    `a hairstyle which fixed up'
Example #246:

    (5.50) te      fururu hito-mo   koto-ni    nasi (75,3)
    hands touch person-Kakari particularly not exist
    `there is nobody who touches (one)'
Example #247:

    (5.51) iro     yurusa-re-taru-ha (20,14)
    color permit-passive-perfective-Top
    `(those) who permitted a special color'
Example #248:

    (5.52) iro    yurusa-re-taru                hitobito-ha (33,5)
    color permit-passive-perfective     people-Top
    `people who permitted a special color'
Example #249:

    (5.53) Fujiwara-nagara mon        wakare-taru (37,4)
    Fujiwara-despite gate      part-perfective
    `parting from the family despite being a Fujiwara'
Example #250:

    (5.54) ima-ha     kotozi-ni          nikaha     sasu you ni te (65,6)
    now-Top koto bridge-on glue              apply appear to be
    `appear to be applying glue on a koto bridge now (being inflexible)'
Example #251:

    (5.55) fumi     okose-tamahe-ru          kaheri goto (30,12)
    letter   sent-honor-perfective    response
    `respose to a letter which was sent out'
Example #252:

    (5.56) fumi      hasiri gaki-taru-ni (72,8)
    letter scribble-perfective
    `scribble a letter'
Example #253:

    (5.57) kyau     yomu-o dani (75,6)
    sutra   read-Acc although
    `although (one) chanting sutra'
Example #254:

    (5.58) sisoku      sasa-nu-bakari (50,8)
    lamp        light-Neg-only
    `not lighting a lamp'
Example #255:

    (5.59) misu    aguru kiha-ni (88,11)
    screen raise when
    `when (one) raises the screen'
Example #256:

    (5.60) misu     aguru kiha ni (88,11)
    screen raise moment-at
    `at the moment of raising the screen'
Example #257:

    (5.61) misu     kake-taru-ni (89,1)
    screen hang-perfective
    `hanging a screen'
Example #258:

    (5.62) kaheri goto       kaku-ni (30,12)
    response thing write
    `writing a response'
Example #259:

    (5.63) sarusama-no        koto    sirosimesa mahosi ge-ni (79,13)
    certain situation-Gen fact know honor want appear
    `showing a desire to know certain situation'
Example #260:

    (5.64) ito tosi  he-taru            hitobito (14,14)
    long time pass-perfective people
    `people who passed for a long time'
Example #261:

    (5.65) mono-no kazukazu         kaki-taru        fumi (27,3)
    thing-Gen many           write-perfective document
    `document in which (one) wrote many things'
Example #262:

    (5.66) hitorigo    tare-si (58,8)
    monologue utter-past
    `uttered a monologue'
Example #263:

    (5.67) mozi        otosi       zo habera-mu (81, 13)
    character leave out Kakari be honor-intend
    `leave out a character'
Example #264:

    (5.68) on-tituke     tukau-maturi-si (28,3)
    milk           give-honor-past
    `breastfed'
Example #265:

    (5.69) hito-no         hazi      mi-haberi-si       yo (29,1)
    person-Gen disgrace see-humble-past night
    `the night that (someone) saw a person's disgrace'
Example #266:

    (5.70) haha      urami-tamafu mono zo (43, 11)
    mother blame-honor things Kakari
    `things to blame one's mother'
Example #267:

    (5.71) kazami      okasi-to omohi-taru-ni (53,5)
    clothing    elegant think-perfective
    `thinking that the clothing was elegant'
Example #268:

    (5.72) on-okurimono       kesa        zo komayaka-ni goranzuru (49,6)
    present        this morning Kakari carefully see honor
    `this morning (one) looks at the presents carefully'
Example #269:

    (5.73) keuke     okonafu tokoro (82,3)
    preaching practice place
    `place where (one) practices preaching'
Example #270:

    (5.74) sodeguti-no ahahi        warou kasane-taru      hito (88,1)
    sleeve-Gen coloration bad        lay-perfective person
    `a person who layered (her) sleeves in an unpleasant manner'
Example #271:

    (5.75) tauyaku       kubareru rei-no kotodomo nari (84,12)
    medicine distribute regular things           cop
    `it is a regular thing that (one) distributes medicine'
Example #272:

    (5.76) koe     utisoe-mu mo (83,1)
    voice add-speculative
    `adding the voice (start singing along)'
Example #273:

    (5.77) noti-ni zo goban-no sama-nado     mi-tamahe ba (9,14)
    later Kakari table-Gen view-such look-honor
    `later (one) looked at the table'
Example #274:

    (5.78) inu no toki-nado                    kiki-ture       do (47,9)
    the bell of around seven-nine p.m. hear-perfective although
    `although (one) heard the bell of around seven-nine p.m.'
Example #275:

    (5.79) tohori    ariki-tamahe ba (56,7)
    hallway walk -honor
    `walk around a hallway'
Example #276:

    (6.1)   kosi-o            kagame-tari (8,9)
    lower back-Acc bend-perfective
    `bended (one's) lower back'
Example #277:

    (6.2)   karakusa-o               nuhi-tari (19,12)
    arabesque pattern-Acc    sew-perfective
    `sewed an arabesque patterns'
Example #278:

    (6.3)   koki utimono-o ue-ni ki-tari (28,12)
    deep clothes-Acc top-on wear-perfective
    `wore a deep color of clothes on top'
Example #279:

    (6.4)   fusenryo-o hazidan-ni          some-tari (32,9)
    figure-Acc reddish yellow      dye-perfective
    `dyed a figure into reddish yellow'
Example #280:

    si-tari (33,13)
    do-perfective
    `wore nine layered Chinese style clothes as they wish'
Example #281:

    (6.6)   tada      ebizome-o          ki-se-tari (53,10)
    simply    vine coloring-Acc wear-cause-perfective
    `simply wore vine coloring clothes'
Example #282:

    (6.7)   sirokane-no sousibako-o       sue-tari (57,1)
    silver-Gen notes-box-Acc       put-perfective
    `put silver notes-box'
Example #283:

    (6.8)   koki usuki itutu-o         kasane-tari
    deep light five-Acc layer-perfective
    `had five layers of deep and light colored clothes'
Example #284:

    (6.9)   imiziku tumasuma-o yui-sohe-tari (55,2)
    exaggerate edges-Acc        dress-set-perfective
    `(one) dressed and set its edges exaggeratedly'
Example #285:

    (6.10) siroki zusi     hito-yori-ni mairi-sue-tari (24,3)
    white closet    one-lay      bring-set-perfective
    `brought and set a white closet'
Example #286:

    (6.11) hitomoto        age-tari (35,1)
    strand of hair lift up-perfective
    `lifted up strand of (her) hair'
Example #287:

    (6.12) on-akome        tada futatu tatematuri-tari (36,1)
    clothes        only two       present honor-perfective
    `presented only two of the clothes'
Example #288:

    (6.13) sumifude-nado         tamaha-se-tari (44,7)
    ink brush-such        ask for-cause-perfective
    `asked (someone) for an ink brush and so forth'
Example #289:

    (6.14) ieie-no shu              kaki-tari (49,11)
    families-Gen collections write-perfective
    `wrote down poetry collections from different families'
Example #290:

    (6.15) on-mono        mairi-suhe-tari (89,4)
    things         bring-set-perfective
    `brought and set the things (dishes)'
Example #291:

    (7.1)   hakanaki monogatari        suru (7,6)
    transient stories           do
    `reading transient stories'
Example #292:

    (7.2)   hirune     si-tamahe-ru (11,1)
    nap        do-honor-perfective
    `took a nap'
Example #293:

    (7.3)   mina siroki ohohi    si-tari (19,3)
    every white cover    do-perfective
    `everything was covered with white covers'
Example #294:

    (7.4)   usumono-o          si-taru        hito-mo ari (21,3)
    light clothing-Acc do-perfective people-too cop
    `there are also people who wear light clothing'
Example #295:

    (7.5)   kami aguru koto-o-zo          suru (32,11)
    hair lift up thing-Acc-Kakari do
    `fixing her hair up'
Example #296:

    (7.6)   kakai     si-taru (37,5)
    promote do-perfective
    `promoted (someone)'
Example #297:

    (7.7)   tugitugi-no           hito       butahu      su (37,5)
    one after another-Gen people     dance       do
    `one after another people dance'
Example #298:

    (7.8)   hakanaki irahe-nado        su (38,8)
    transient replay-such      do
    `give a transient reply'
Example #299:

    (7.9)   wakamiya-ha      on-monogatari-nado        se-sase-tamafu (44,12)
    young prince-Top stories-such              do-cause-honor
    `a young prince makes (someone) tell stories'
Example #300:

    (7.10) monogatari      si-tamahi-si       kehahi-no (46,12)
    stories         do-honor-past      view
    `the view that (one) told stories'
Example #301:

    (7.11) tukurohi-domo       su to te (58,10)
    sewings             do
    `do sewing'
Example #302:

    (7.12) osihe-nado      tukuzuku to si-i-taru-ni (58,12)
    teaching-such vacantly      do-be-perfective
    `(one) is teaching (something) vacantly'
Example #303:

    (7.13) atenaru sama     si-tamahe-ri (61,10)
    noble looks      do-honor-perfective
    `have a noble looks'
Example #304:

    (7.14) kokoro-zukai      se-raruru kokoti-su (61,11)
    care              do-honor feel-do
    `having a feeling to care for....'
Example #305:

    (7.15) sidari yanagi-no sama    si-tari (62,9)
    weeping willow view      do-perfective
    `had the view of a weeping willow'
Example #306:

    (7.16) monozutumi      se-sase-tamahe-ru         on-kokoti-ni (68, 11)
    shyness         do-cause-honor-perfective feeling
    `make (one) has a feeling of being shy'
Example #307:

    (7.17) hito-no musume-to             oboyu-ru sama              si-tari (64,6)
    person-Gen daughter-Comp recognize-perfective looks      do-perfective
    `(one) has looks recognized as a person's daughter'
Example #308:

    (7.18) hakanaki irahe-o        se-mu (70,6)
    transient replay-Acc do-intend
    `give a transient reply'
Example #309:

    (7.19) yoma-nu kao-o          si-haberi-si (79,12)
    read-Neg face-Acc do-humble-past
    `having a look of not reading (something)'
Example #310:

    (7.20) nani     se-mu-to (82,1)
    what     do-intend-Comp
    `what I am going to do'
Example #311:

    (7.21) monogatari       si te i-taru-ni (9,5)
    stories         do be-perfective
    `while (someone) is reading stories'
Example #312:

    (7.22) utatane    si-tutu (10,6)
    doze       do-while
    `while (one) is dozing'
Example #313:

    (7.23) Narimasa-nado    si te (10,9)
    Narimasa-such    do
    `make Narimasa do (something)'
Example #314:

    (7.24) makura       si te fusi-tamahe-ru (11,3)
    pillow       do lay down-honor-perfective
    `set the pillow and lay down'
Example #315:

    (7.25) sirokane     si te (21,9)
    silver       do
    `have silver color'
Example #316:

    (7.26) sodegutu-ni okiguti-o         si (21,9)
    cuff-on     decoration-Acc do
    `put decorations on the cuff'
Example #317:

    (7.27) siroki motoyuhi    si te (23,3)
    white hair bow     do
    `having a white bow for hair'
Example #318:

    (7.28) ito tukizukisiki sugata    si te (33,3)
    very suitable dress        do
    `being in a very suitable dress'
Example #319:

    (7.29) ume-no e              si te (50,3)
    plum-Gen branch       do
    `having a branch of plum tree'
Example #320:

    (7.30) taifu-no-omoto    si te (55,6)
    taifu-no-omoto    do
    `make taifu-no-omoto do (something)'
Example #321:

    (7.31) monogtari        si te (58, 10)
    stories          do
    `tell stories'
Example #322:

    (7.32) monozutumi-o si (62, 10)
    shy-Acc     do
    `being shy'
Example #323:

    (7.33) naka takaki kao        si te (63,4)
    center high face       do
    `having a face with high center'
Example #324:

    (7.34) tukurohi-taru waza       si te (63,11)
    fix-perfective looks     do
    `having a fixed look (of hair)'
Example #325:

    (7.35) e-ni       kaki-taru          kao        si te (65,1)
    picture-on draw-perfective face          do
    `having a face drew on the picture'
Example #326:

    (7.36) satoi                  si te (65,7)
    stay at previous home do
    `staying at the previous home'
Example #327:

    (7.37) yoma-se-tamahi-nado     si te (79,13)
    read-cause-honor-such do
    `making (someone) read'
Example #328:

    (7.38) monogtari       si te (82, 10)
    stories          do
    `telling stories'
Example #329:

    (8.1)   te      fure-sase-zu (Aoi 286,12)
    hands touch-cause-Neg
    `do not let (someone) touch by (his) hands'
Example #330:

    (8.2)   te      fure-tamaha-nu (Akashi 453,5)
    hands touch-honor-Neg
    `do not touch by one's hands'
Example #331:

    (8.3)   te      fure-tamaha-zu (Tokonatsu 835,12)
    hands touch-honor-Neg
    `do not touch by (one's) hands'
Example #332:

    (8.4)   te     fure-tamaha-nu takimono (Umegae 981,8)
    hands touch-honor-Neg incense
    `incense which nobody touch by (one's) hands'
Example #333:

    (8.5)   te      fure nikuki       mono-ha ari-keru (Wakana ge 1157, 12)
    hands touch difficult thing-Top exist-past
    `there were things which are difficult to touch'
Example #334:

    (8.6)   te      fure-nu ni (Takekawa 1471,14)
    hands touch not
    `not touching with (one's) hands'
Example #335:

    (8.7)   te      fure-zari-tu tasi (Azumaya 1928,14)
    hands touch-Neg-perfective Emph.
    `did not touch with (one's) hands'
Example #336:

    oboyuru (Tenarai 2026,10)
    think
    `think that it is unpleased to let people touch with their hands'
Example #337:

    (9.1)   Koremitu-ni sisoku      mesi te (Yuugao 104,5)
    Koremitu lamp          ask for
    `ask Koremitsu for a lamp'
Example #338:

    (9.2)   sisoku     sasi te maire (Yuugao 122,13)
    lamp       light bring
    `light and bring a lamp'
Example #339:

    (9.3)   sisoku     sasi te maire (Yuugao 123,10)
    lamp       light bring
    `light and bring a lamp'
Example #340:

    (9.4)   sisoku     mote-maireri (Yuugao 124,10)
    lamp      hold-bring
    `hold and bring a lamp'
Example #341:

    (9.5)   sisoku-o sasi-ide-taru              ka to (Aoi 808,7)
    lamp-Acc light-hold out-perfective Kakari Comp
    `(wonder) someone lit and brought a lamp'
Example #342:

    (9.6)   sisoku      mesi te on-kaheri mi-tamae ba (Kashiwagi 1232,2)
    lamp        ask for reply     look-honor
    `ask for a lamp and look at a reply'
Example #343:

    (9.7)   sisoku      sasi te (Yadorigi 1779,7)
    lamp        light
    `light a lamp'
Example #344:

    (10.1) kakaru on-ariki   sarani    se-sase-tamaha-zu (403,2)
    such walks        further do-cause-honor-Neg
    `do not make (someone) do such walks any further'
Example #345:

    (10.2) kono koto      hitobito mousu-naru-ha (407, 12)
    this fact people say-cop-Top
    `that people say this fact'
Example #346:

    omofu hitobito (488,10)
    think people
    `people who think it is outrageous to come and visit like this'
Example #347:

    (10.4) on-kahesi      tada kaku namu (418,4)
    response utterly write Kakari
    `utterly write a response'
Example #348:

    (10.5) mono       ahareni oboyu (420,1)
    things    pathetic feel
    `feel pathetic about things'
Example #349:

    (10.6) on-tukahi     matidoo-ni-ya      omofu-ran (428, 4)
    messenger long for Kakari        think-speculative
    `(one) may think that a messenger seems long in coming'
Example #350:

    (10.7) sama      nasakenakara-zu      okasi-to        obosu (429,7)
    looks     unthoughtful-Neg tasteful-Comp think
    `think that the looks is thoughtful and tasteful'
Example #351:

    (10.8) kuruma       yado-ni hiki-tate te (432,4)
    cart     inn-to pull-take
    `pull and take a cart to the inn'
Example #352:

    (10.9) binnaki koto      ikade kikosimesa-re-zi (433,5)
    improper things how know honor-honor-Neg
    things'
Example #353:

    (10.10)hito     hitori i-te yuku (422,5)
    person one take go
    `take a person along and go'
Example #354:

    (10.11)wagami        hazukashuu oboyu (444,4)
    my existence humble       feel
    `feel humble about my existence'
Example #355:

    (10.12)furusato     mazu omohi-ide-raru (444,8)
    hometown first think-come to mind-naturally
    `first, hometown naturally comes to mind'
Example #356:

    (10.13)mizu-no otonahi        yomosugara        kiki-magahasa-ru (7,5)
    water-Gen sounds       throughout night hear-mix into-naturally
    night'
Example #357:

    (10.15) hakukin-no on-sara-nado        kuhasiku-ha mi-zu (21,14)
    silver-Gen dishes-such closely-Kakari look-Neg
    `do not look at the silver dishes closely'
Example #358:

    (10.16) siroki zusi    hito yorohi-ni mairi-sue-tari (24,3)
    white closet at once           bring-set-perfective
    `bring and set a white closet at once'
Example #359:

    (10.17) okurimono-domo        sinazina-ni    tamafu (26,14)
    presents               appropriately give honor
    `give presents to (people) appropriately according to the status'
Example #360:

    (10.18) fumi     mata keisu (27,4)
    letter    again send
    `send a letter again'
Example #361:

    (10.19) uhe-no    on-akome      tada futatu tate-maturi-tari (36,1)
    lord-Gen clothing        only two present-humble-perfective
    `presented only two clothing for the lord'
Example #362:

    (10.20) koe    okasiu     utafu (38,11)
    voice elegant sing
    `sing with an elegant voice'
Example #363:

    (10.21) misu      sukosi age te (39,10)
    screen a little raise
    `raise a screen a little'
Example #364:

    tori-tugi te (40,7)
    take-relay
    `the attendants from the lord take and relay baskets and so forth'
Example #365:

    (10.23)kandatime          on-mae-ni mase-mu-to         keisi-tamafu (40,11)
    court members      front-in  call-intend-Comp send a notice-honor
    `send a notice to court members to come in front of (him)'
Example #366:

    (10.24)waka      hitotu tukau-mature (42,7)
    poem      one serve-present
    `present a poem'
Example #367:

    (10.26)arisama     ikani okasikara-mu-to             omofu-ni (45,1)
    looks        how interesting-speculative-Comp think
    `think how interesting the looks is'
Example #368:

    (10.27)kesiki    asiu             mamori-kahasu-to (78,7)
    looks      unpleasantly regard-each other
    `regard the looks as being unpleasant'
Example #369:

    (10.28)Genji-no monogatari     hito-ni yoma-se-tamahi-tutu (78,11)
    Tale of Genji           people read-cause-honor-while
    `while making people read the Tale of Genji'
Example #370:

    (10.29)siroi tou-nado     oou e-ni        kai te (82, 3)
    white pagoda-such many picture     draw
    `draw many pictures of white pagoda'
Example #371:

    (10.30) hito-no on-arisama      medatakuoboe-sase-tamafu (86, 5)
    person-Gen looks         graceful think-cause-honor
    `think that a person's looks is graceful'
Example #372:

    (10.31) fue (-ha futatu)   hako-ni ire te (90, 3)
    flute (-Top two)    box-in put
    `put the flutes in the box'
Example #373:

    one side on letters             on purposeput-pile-past
    (10.32) katatu kata ni fumi-domo        wazato oki-kasane-si
    `put and piled letters on one side'
Example #374:

    urehe-nite-mo        nokora-zu kikoe-sase (81,3)
    distressful-as-evenremain-Neg know-cause
    `Even if it is distressful for one, he discloses all that happened in the evenin
Example #375:

    (10.34) osihe-nado    tukuzuku to si-taru ni (58, 12)
    teaching-such thoroughly do-perfective
    `there was (someone) carrying out teachings thoroughly'
Example #376:

    (10.35) hito bakari      sukosi natukasiku omofu zo (46, 10)
    people only        little dearly    feel  Kakari
    `only feel a little dearly about people'
Example #377:

    ire te (27, 3)
    thing-Gen many       write-perfective letter     box-in
    `put letters written many things into a box'
Example #378:

    (10.37) kazami     okasi-to omohi-taru ni (53, 5)
    clothing    elegant think-perfective
    `thinking that the clothing was elegant'
Example #379:

    (10.38) sodeguti-no ahahi    warou kasane-taru hito (88, 1)
    sleeve-Gen coloration bad layer-perfective people
    `a person who layered her sleeves in an unpleasant manner'
Example #380:

    (10.39) okurimono       kesa      zo      komayakani goranzu-ru (49, 6)
    present     this morning Kakari carefully      see honor-perfective
    `looked at the present carefully this morning'
Example #381:

    (10.40) Hikaru Genji-no aru       you-nado     tokorodokoro kataru o (479,5)
    Price Genji-Gen exist looks-such partially             tell
    `tell partially about how Price Genji was and so forth'
Example #382:

    (10.41) sousi-domo      suzuri-no         hako-no futa-ni ire te (490, 11)
    books            ink stone-Gen box-Gen cover-in put
    `put books in the cover of an ink stone box'
Example #383:

    mi-se-tamahe (492, 9)
    show-cause-honor
    `please show (me) all the stories of Tale of Genji from the first scroll'
Example #384:

    (10.43) monogatari-domo         hito fukuro-ni tori-ire te (492, 16)
    stories                  one bag-into take-put in
    `put stories into a bag'
Example #385:

    (10.44) otoko kuruma      futatu-bakari hiki-tate te (505, 14)
    man cart           two-about      pull-line
    `a man pulls and lines two carts'
Example #386:

    (10.45) aharenaru koto-domo-nado        komayakani ihi-ide te (517, 3)
    pathetic things-such             carefully  say-put out
    `carefully speak up pathetic things'
Example #387:

    (10.46) kado    hirou    osi-ake te (522, 9)
    gate     widely push-open
    `push and open the gate widely'
Example #388:

    (10.47) kyau      sukosi yomi-tatematuri te (525, 11)
    sutra      little read-honor
    `read sutra a little'
Example #389:

    (10.48) kiri   hitohe     hedata-reru you ni te (533, 8)
    mist    one layer part-passive looks
    `it seems being parted by one layer of mist'
Example #390:

    (10.49) oi-domo-nado     hito tokoro-ni te asayuu              miru ni (533, 16)
    nephews-such      one place-at      morning and evening see
    `seeing nephews at certain place morning and evening'
Example #391:

    (i)    yo-no       fukuru-o         matu
    night       fall-Acc         wait
    `to wait until the night falls'