ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Olga I Gurevich (2006). Constructional Morphology.

URL: http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~olya/papers/GurevichDissertation.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3878&langcode=kat (2021-09-19).

 

Example #1:

    (4)   a. (me) saxl-s   v-i-shen-eb         *mas
    (I) house.dat 1Sub j-ver-build-ts *he.dat
    `I build a house for myself.'
Example #2:

    b. meri     saxl-s    i-shen-eb-s          *mas
    Mary.nom house.dat ver-build-ts-3sgSubj *he.dat
    `Mary builds a house for herself.'
Example #3:

    c. mas     (turme)      saxl-i    a-u-sheneb-ia.
    3sg.dat (apparently) house.nom pv-ver-build-perf
    `(S)he has (apparently) built a house.'
Example #4:

    c. mas     saxl-i    unda a-e-sheneb-i(n)a.
    3sg.dat house.nom must pv-ver-build-pluperf
    `(S)he was supp osed to have built a house.'
Example #5:

    (10)      a. saxl-s    a-shen-eb
    house-dat ver-build-ts
    `You build a house (b eneficiary not sp ecified).'
Example #6:

    b. saxl-s    a-shen-eb    mis-tvis   / *mas
    house-dat ver-build-ts he.gen-for / *he.dat
    `You build a house for him.'
Example #7:

    c. saxl-s    u-shen-eb    *mis-tvis   / mas
    house-dat ver-build-ts *he.gen-for / he.dat
    `You build a house for him.'
Example #8:

    d. saxl-s    m-i-shen-eb          *chem-tvis / me
    house-dat 1SgOb j-ver-build-ts *1sg.gen-for / 1sg
    `You build a house for me.'
Example #9:

    (64)   mo-m-e-c-i-t
    pvI-pron1-prv-give-scr-pron2
    `Give it back to me (addressee in the plural. aorist).'
Example #10:

    b. vanom    anzori    she-adar-a     givis
    Vano-nar Anzor-nom pv-compare-scr Givi-dat
    `Vano compared Anzor to Givi.' (Harris 1981:48)
Example #11:

    c. vanom    anzori    shen she-g-adar-a
    Vano-nar Anzor-nom you pv-compare-scr
    `Vano compared Anzor to you.' (Harris 1981:48)
Example #12:

    d.      * vanom    shen she-g-adar-a       givis
    Vano-nar you pv-2Obj-compare-scr Givi-dat
    `Vano compared you to Givi.' (Harris 1981:48)
Example #13:

    e. vanom    sheni tavi    she-adar-a     givis
    Vano-nar your head-nom pv-compare-scr Givi-dat
    `Vano compared you to Givi.' (Harris 1981:49)
Example #14:

    f. vanom    chemi tavi     shen she-g-adar-a
    Vano-nar my    head-nom you pv-2Obj-compare-scr
    `Vano compared me to you.'
Example #15:

    b. exla da-g-i-pren    shen
    now pv-2Obj-prv-fly 1sg
    `I will fly you away (=make you go away / throw you out).'
Example #16:

    c. exla da-u-pren mas
    now pv-prv-fly 3sg.dat
    `I will fly you away (=make you go away / throw you out).'
Example #17:

    d. da-u-prine     mas
    pv-prv-fly.aor 3sg.dat
    `I flew you away (=made you go away / threw you out; Aorist).'
Example #18:

    (94)   a. v-m eri
    1Subj-sing
    `I sing.'
Example #19:

    b. me mi-g-i-m er-eb
    1sg pv-2-ver-sing-ts
    `I will sing along with you.'
Example #20:

    (95)   a.    * shen me m-i-cxovr-eb
    2sg 1sg 1sgObj-prv-live-ts
    `You (will) live for me.'
Example #21:

    (98)     she-m-i-k-e              me shvili
    pv-1sgObj-prv-praise-aor 1sg child.nom
    `You praised (my) child for me.'
Example #22:

    (99)     is kali        ga-m-i-gizh-eb-s           bavshvebs
    this woman.nom pv-1sgObj-prv-crazy-ts-3sg child.pl.dat
    `This woman will drive (for me) (my) kids crazy.'
Example #23:

    (101)    a. shen m-i-m eri.
    2sg 1sg-prv-sing.pres.2sg
    `You sing for me / to me.'
Example #24:

    b. shen chem-tvis m eri.
    2sg 1sg-for    sing.pres.2sg
    `You sing for me / ?to me.'
Example #25:

    (110)       a. (me) saxl-s   v-i-shen-eb
    (I) house.dat 1Subj-prv-build-ts
    `I build a house for myself.'
Example #26:

    b. Meri     saxl-s    i-shen-eb-s
    Mary.nom house.dat prv-build-ts-3sgSubj
    `Mary builds a house for herself.'
Example #27:

    (111)   a. v-a-mtknar-eb
    1Subj-prv-yawn-ts
    `I yawn.'
Example #28:

    b.    * v-i-mtknar-eb
    1Subj-prv-yawn-ts
    `I yawn for myself.'
Example #29:

    (115)   roca sakme    mo-i-tx-ov-s
    when work.nom pv-prv-require-ts-scr
    `When work will require.' (Internet)
Example #30:

    (117)   i-cin-i
    prv-laugh-ts
    `You laugh.'
Example #31:

    (119)    a. Meri      saxl-s     i-shen-eb-s
    Mary.nom house.dat prv-build-ts-3sgSubj
    `Mary builds a house for herself.'
Example #32:

    b. Meri     tavis-tvis saxl-s  a-shen-eb-s
    Mary.nom self-for house.dat prv-build-ts-3sgSubj
    `Mary builds a house *for herself/alone.'
Example #33:

    a. me      chem-i tav-i    v-a-k-e.
    1sg.nom my-nom self-nom 1sgSubj-prv-praise-ts
    `I praised myself.'
Example #34:

    b. shen    shen-i   tav-i    a-dzag-e.
    2sg.nom your-nom self-nom prv-curse-ts
    `You cursed yourself.'
Example #35:

    c. man     tav-is-i      tav-i    ga-a-masxr-a.
    3sg.nom self-poss-nom self-nom pv-prv-clown-ts
    `He made fun of himself.'
Example #36:

    a. me      chem-i tav-i    v-i-k-e.
    1sg.nom my-nom self-nom 1sgSubj-prv-praise-ts
    `I praised myself.'
Example #37:

    b. shen    shen-i   tav-i    i-dzag-e.
    2sg.nom your-nom self-nom prv-curse-ts
    `You cursed yourself.'
Example #38:

    c. man     tav-is-i      tav-i    ga-i-masxr-a.
    3sg.nom self-poss-nom self-nom pv-prv-clown-ts
    `He made fun of himself.'
Example #39:

    c. kvab-i    da-v-a-dg-i            navtkura-ze
    b owl-nom pv-1SgSubj-prv-put-scr stove-on
    `I put a b owl on the stove.' (with the intent of co oking) (Example from Bo ede
Example #40:

    (136)   i-landz  eba
    prv-curse.pass
    `(S)he is engaged in cursing' (not relevant who (s)he is cursing). (Nino Amiridz
Example #41:

    c. shen she-e-jibr-ebi
    2sg pv-ver-comp ete-scr
    involved).'
Example #42:

    (138)   a. is shen g-e-xmar-eba
    3sg 2sg 2Obj-prv-help-scr
    `He helps you(sg).'
Example #43:

    (139)   a. Nino     Vakhtangs    mi-e-nd-oba
    Nino.nom Vakhtang.dat pv-ver-trust-scr
    `Nino will trust Vakhtang.'
Example #44:

    b.    * mi-i-nd-obi
    pv-ver-trust-scr
    `trust'
Example #45:

    (148)   a. m-i-chivl-eb
    1sgObj-prv-sue-ts
    `You will sue me.'
Example #46:

    (162)   a. (turme)      saxl-i    a-m-i-sheneb-ia.
    (apparently) house.nom pv-1sgObj-prv-build-perf
    `I have (apparently) built a house.'
Example #47:

    b. mas     saxl-i    a-u-sheneb-ia.
    3sg.dat house.nom pv-prv-build-perf
    `(S)he has built a house.'
Example #48:

    (163)   a. saxl-i    (amxanag-is-tvis) unda a-m-e-sheneb-ina.
    house.nom (friend-gen-for) must pv-1sgObj-prv-build-pluperf
    `I was supp osed to have built a house.'
Example #49:

    b. saxl-i    (amxanag-is-tvis) unda a-e-sheneb-ina.
    house.nom (friend-gen-for) must pv-prv-build-pluperf
    `(S)he was supp osed to have built a house.'
Example #50:

    (164)    * saxl-i    amxanag-s unda a-m-i/u-sheneb-ina.
    house.nom friend-dat must pv-1sgObj-prv-build-pluperf
    `I was supp osed to have built a house for a friend.'
Example #51:

    a. magida-ze axali supra       pen-ia.
    table-on new tablecloth.nom spread-scr
    `A new tablecloth is spread on the table.'
Example #52:

    b. magida-ze axali supra       gv-i-pen-ia.
    table-on new tablecloth.nom 1PlObj-prv-spread-scr
    `A new tablecloth is spread on our table.'
Example #53:

    (166)      a. magida-ze axali supra       e-pin-a.
    table-on new tablecloth.nom prv-spread-scr
    `A new tablecloth was spread on the table.'
Example #54:

    b. magida-ze axali supra       gv-e-pin-a.
    table-on new tablecloth.nom 1PlObj-prv-spread-scr
    `A new tablecloth was spread on our table.' (Aronson 1990)
Example #55:

    b. m-e-m er-eba
    1sgObj-prv-sing-pass
    `I feel like singing.'
Example #56:

    b. saxl-s    a-shen-eb    mis-tvis   / *mas
    house-dat prv-build-ts he.gen-for / *he.dat
    `You build a house for him.'
Example #57:

    c. saxl-s     u-shen-eb     *mis-tvis / mas
    house-dat prv-build-ts *he.gen-for / he.dat
    `You build a house for him.'