The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Maria Bittner (1994). Syntax and Semantics of the Ergative Construction.

URL: http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~mbittner/pdf%20files%20for%20web/bittner%20&%20hale%2091.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3880&langcode=dbl (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (1) a. payi      yara           paninyu
    THERE-ABS man-ABS        come-NFUT
    "man is coming"
Example #2:

    b. payi      yara           pangkun   jukumpiru palkan
    THERE-ABS man-ABS        THERE-ERG woman-ERG hit-NFUT
    "woman is hitting        man."
Example #3:

    (2) a. payi       yara     walmanyu          waynyjili
    THERE-ABS man-ABS get.up-NFUT   [ _ go.uphill-PURP]
    "man got up [ _ to go uphill]"
Example #4:

    pangkun tuntungku manjali
    [ _ THERE-ERG bird-ERG   point.out-PURP]
    "man came uphill towards here [(for) the bird to point _ out]")