The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Chizuru Nakao and Masaya Yoshida (2005). Japanese Sluicing as a Specificational Pseudo-cleft.

URL: http://www.ling.umd.edu/~cnakao/TCP_proceedings.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3919&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    [Brown sensei-ni-wa (*sore-ga) dono gakusei-ga            ka] sira-nai.
    Brown prof.-Dat-Top (it-Nom) which student-Nom Q know-not
    Intended meaning: "John knows which student met Prof. Smith, but he
Example #2:

    Mary-wa naze-ka wakatteiru.
    Mary-Top why-Q know
    "John does not know why he was scolded, but Mary knows why
Example #3:

    (9) [CP [IP John-ga/no t1 at-ta]       no]-wa Mary1(-ni) da.
    John-Nom/Gen meet-past C-top       Mary(-Dat) be
    "It is Mary that John met."
Example #4:

    "John met someone1, and talked to *it1/the person1."
Example #5:

    (20) [John-ga kat-ta      no]-wa hon-o       da.
    John-Nom buy-past C-Top book-Acc be
    "It is a book that John bought./ What John bought is a book."
Example #6:

    watasi-wa sore-ga dare-ni     deirassyat-ta      ka sira-nai.
    I-Top      it-Nom who-Dat be(Subj.Hon.)-past Q know-not
Example #7:

    watasi-wa itumo sore-ga dare-ni        (da) ka sira-nai.
    I-Top      always it-Nom who-Dat (be) Q know-not
Example #8:

    (36) a.   [[John-ga    kat-ta]    no]-wa hon-o    da.
    John-Nom buy-past C-Top book-Acc be
    "It is a book that John bought./What John bought is a book."
Example #9:

    (i)   Daremo-ga             hutari-no sensei-ni     at-ta.
    Everyone-Nom two-Gen teacher-Dat meet-past
    "Everyone met two teachers." (all>2, ?2>all)