The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ivan A. Sag and Thomas Wasow (1999). Syntactic Theory.

URL: http://www.cs.um.edu.mt/~mros/ftp/download/sw99.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3998&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (i) Taroo-ga hon-o yonda
    Taro o-n book-a read-past
    `Taro o read the bo ok'
Example #2:

    (ii) Taroo-ga yonda.
    Taro o-n read-past
    `Taro o read it/them'
Example #3:

    (iii) Hon-o yonda.
    book-a read-past
    `He/she/they read the bo ok'
Example #4:

    (iv) Yonda.
    `He/she/they read it/them
Example #5:

    (v) Hanako-ga zibun-o tatai-ta.
    Hanako-n pro-self-a hit-pst
    `Hanakoi hit herselfi /*himj /*herj /*themj '
Example #6:

    (vi) Taroo-ga tatai-ta.
    Taro o-nom hit-pst
    `Taro oi hit *himselfi /himj /herj /themj '
Example #7:

    (vii) Taroo-ga Hanako-ga zibun-o tatai-ta koto-o hookokusi-ta.
    Taro o-n Hanako-n pro-self-a hit-pst that-a tell-pst
    herselfj /himi /*themk /*himk /*herk '
Example #8:

    (viii) Taroo-ga Hanako-ga tatai-ta koto-o hookokusi-ta.
    Taro o-n Hanako-n hit-pst that-a tell-pst
    `Taro oi said that Hanakoj hit *herselfj /himi,k /herk /themk '
Example #9:

    (i) hitorino otoko-ga sono hon-o    yonda
    one      man-nom that bo ok-acc read-past
    `One man read that book'
Example #10:

    (vii) yonda
    `He/she/it/they read it/them'