The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Thomas Bader (1995). The Analysis of Passive and Raising Constructions in Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar and Arc Pa.

URL: http://www.iswcms.unibe.ch/lenya/isw/live/forschung/dissertation/tb_diss.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4021&langcode=niu (2021-06-15).


Example #1:

    to maeke     ke lagomatai he ekekafo e tama e:
    Fut possible Sbj help     Erg doctor Abs child this
    "The doctor could help this child."
Example #2:

    kua kamata e akau ke hala he tama
    Perf begin Abs tree Sbj cut erg child
    "The tree has begun to be cut down by the child."
Example #3:

    ne manako a mautolu ke lagomatai e Lemani e kuli:
    Pst want Abs we Sbj help         Erg Lemani Abs dog
    "We wanted Lemani to help the dog."
Example #4:

    250.   kua kamata tei e tau matahui ke oeli e lautolu
    Perf begin Perf Abs Pl knee Sbj oil Erg they
    "They have begun to get a little drunk."
Example #5:

    251.   ne manako a laua ke mamate
    Pst want Abs they Sbj die
    "They wanted to die."
Example #6:

    252.   kua lali lahi e    kapitiga haau ke sake e au a ia
    Perf try really Abs friend    your Sbj sack Erg I Abs he
    "Your friend is really trying to get me to sack him."
Example #7:

    253.   kua kamata tuai e tau tagata na: ke fia-momohe oti
    Perf begin Perf Abs Pl person that Sbj want-sleep all
    "Those people have all begun to get sleepy."