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Kirsten Gengel (2006). Object shift and Pseudogapping in the Scandinavian languages.

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4029&langcode=isl (2021-12-03).

Example #1:

a. Pétur hefur lesiđ fleiri bćkur fyrir Kara-ACC en Páll hefur fyrir María-ACC. Peter has read more books for Kari than Paul has for Maria. `Peter has read more books for Kari than Paul has for Maria.'Example #2:

b. (?)Pétur vill biđa lengur eftir María en Páll vill eftir Jóni. Peter will(wants-to) wait longer after Maria than Paul wants after Jóni. `Peter will wait longer for Maria than Paul will for John.'Example #3:

c. Pétur vill leika lengur viđ Maríu en Páll vill viđ Jóni. Peter wants-to play longer with Maria than Paul wants-to with John. `Peter wants to play longer with Maria than Paul wants with John.'Example #4:

a. María myndi skila fleiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi til Jóns. Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John. `Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John.'Example #5:

(14) María myndi skila fleiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi til Jóns. Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John. `Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John.'Example #6:

(15) Jón gaf Ólafi bókina. Jon gave Olaf(DAT) a-book(ACC). `John gave Olaf a book.'Example #7:

(16) Hún sagđi Ţeim sögu. She told them(DAT) a-story(ACC). `She told them a story.'Example #8:

(17) Ég gaf Jóni bókina. I gave John(DAT) a-book(ACC). `I gave John a book.'Example #9:

(18) *Ég gaf bókina til Jóns. I gave a-book(ACC) to John. `I gave a book to John.'Example #10:

(19) Hún sýndi mér málverk sín. She showed me pictures her `She showed me her pictures.'Example #11:

(20) *Hún sýndi málverk sín fyrir mig/til mín. She showed pictures her for me /to me. `She showed her pictures to me.'Example #12:

(21) Hann gaf konunginum ambáttina. He gave the-king(DAT) the-maidservant(ACC). `He gave the king the maidservant.'Example #13:

(22) Hann gaf ambáttina konunginum. He gave the-maidservant(ACC) the-king(DAT). `He gave the maidservant to the king.'Example #14:

(23) *María myndi gefa Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi Jóni blöđ. Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will Joni newspapers. `Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will John newspapers.'Example #15:

(24) **María myndi gefa Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi blöđ. Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will newspapers. `Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will newspapers.'Example #16:

(25) ??María myndi gefa Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi Jóni. Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will John. `Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will John.'Example #17:

(26) *María myndi senda Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi Jóni blöđ. Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will John newspapers. `Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will John newspapers.'Example #18:

(27) **María myndi senda Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi blöđ. Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will newspapers. `Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will newspapers.'Example #19:

(28) ??María myndi senda Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi Jóni. Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will John. `Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will John.'Example #20:

(29) María myndi senda fleiri bćkur til Péturs en Páll myndi til Jóns. Mary will send more books to Peter than Paul will to John. `Mary will send more books to Peter than Paul will to John.'Example #21:

(30) María skilađi mér bókinni minni. Maria returned me(DAT) the-book(DAT) my(DAT) `Maria returned me my book.'Example #22:

(31) Ţeir rćndu Ólaf peningunum. They robbed Olaf(ACC) the-money(DAT). `They stole the money from Olaf.'Example #23:

(32) Hún skilađi bókinni til Jóns. She returned the-book to John. `She returned the book to John.'Example #24:

(33) Ţeir ćtluđu ađ rćna veskinum af mér. They intended to rob the-purse of me. `They intended to steal my purse of me.'Example #25:

(34) Jón leyndi sannleikanum fyrir Maríu. John concealed the-truth for(of) Maria. `John concealed the truth from Maria.'Example #26:

(35) María myndi skila fleiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi til Jóns. Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John. `Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John.'Example #27:

(36) ??María myndi skila fleiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi blöđum til Jóns. Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers to John. `Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers to John.'Example #28:

(37) *María myndi skila fleiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi blöđum. Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers. `Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers.'Example #29:

(39) *? Hún gaf bókina til Jóns. She gave the-book to John. `She gave the book to John.'Example #30:

(40) a. Hún hefur ekki skilađ bókinni. She has not returned the-book. `She hasn't returned the book.'Example #31:

b. *?Hún hefur ekki gefiđ bókina.11 She has not given the-book. `She hasn't given the book.'Example #32:

(44) *María myndi gefa Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndí Jóni blöđ. Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will John newspapers. `Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will John newspapers.'Example #33:

(45) **María myndi gefa Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi blöđ. Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will newspapers. `Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will newspapers.'Example #34:

(46) **María myndi senda Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi blöđ. Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will newspapers. `Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will newspapers.'Example #35:

(47) *María myndi skila fleiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi blöđum. Mary will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers. `Mary will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers.'Example #36:

(48) *Pétur hefur lesiđ fleiri bćkur en María hefur dagblöđ. Peter has read more books than Maria has newspapers. `Peter has read more books than Maria has newspapers.'Example #37:

(49) ??María myndi gefa Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi Jóni. Maria will give Peter more books than Paul will John. `Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will John.'Example #38:

(50) ??María myndi senda Pétri fleiri bćkur en Páll myndi Jóni. Maria will send Peter more books than Paul will John. `Mary will send Peter more books than Paul will John.'Example #39:

(53) Flestir sem [í Ósló]i hafa veriđ ti hafa gengiđ eftir Karl Johan. Most that in Oslo have been have walked along Karl Johan. `Most of those that have been in Oslo have walked along Karl Johan street.'Example #40:

(54) Ţeir sem [Ţá erfiđu ákvörđun]i verđa ađ taka t i those that that hard decision must to take `those who must take that hard decision'Example #41:

(55) ??Allir sem myndinai sáu ti voru hrifnir. All that painting-the saw were impressed. `Everyone who saw the painting was impressed.'