The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Idan Landau (2005). The Locative Syntax of Experiencers.

URL: http://www.bgu.ac.il/~idanl/files/psych.July05.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4041&langcode=jpn (2022-01-20).


Example #1:

    (142) a.    Kimiko-ga sono koto-ni odoroi-ta.
    Kimiko.NOM that fact.DAT surprise-PAST
    `Kimiko was surprised at that fact'
Example #2:

    b.    Sono ronbun-ga Kimiko-o odorok-asi-ta.
    that paper.NOM Kimiko.ACC surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `That paper surprised Kimiko'
Example #3:

    c.   * Sono ronbun-ga Kimiko-o sono koto-ni odorok-asi-ta.
    that paper.NOM Kimiko.ACC that fact.DAT surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `That paper surprised Kimiko at the fact'
Example #4:

    d.    Sono ronbun-ga Kimiko-o sono koto-ni odorok-ase-ta.
    that paper.NOM Kimiko.ACC that fact.DAT surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `That paper made Kimiko surprised at the fact'
Example #5:

    (173) a.    Hooritu no senmon-ka de arinagara, Katoo-san wa Yamamoto-san o damasita.
    law.GEN expert being-while Mr. Katoo.TOP Mr. Yamamoto.ACC deceived
    'Though (he1/*2 was) an expert on law, Mr. Katoo1 deceived Mr. Yamamoto2'
Example #6:

    b.    Hooritu no senmon-ka de arinagara, Yamamoto-san wa Katoo-san ni damasareta.
    law.GEN expert being-while Mr. Yamamoto.TOP Mr. Katoo by was-deceived
    by Mr. Katoo1'
Example #7:

    c.    Sutoraiki o yatte inagara, roodoosya ni wa keisya no hoo ga tadasiku omoeta.
    strike.ACC doing be-while workers.DAT.TOP employer.GEN side.NOM correct seemed
    the workers1'
Example #8:

    d.   * Sono koto o kangaenagara, Tanaka-san ni denwa ga kakatta.
    those things.ACC think-while Mr. Tanaka.DAT phone.NOM connected
    'While thinking about those things, Mr. Tanaka got a phone call'