ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Yuko Otsuka (2000). Chapter 10.

URL: http://www2.hawaii.edu/~yotsuka/pubs/Ch10.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4068&langcode=ton (2021-06-15).

 

Example #1:

    (10.8) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke PRO `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione to go
    "Sione wants to go."
Example #2:

    (10.8) b. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke PRO kai `a e ika].
    Prs want ABS Sione to eat ABS def fish
    "Sione wants to eat the fish."
Example #3:

    (10.16) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke `alu PRO].
    Prs want ABS Sione to go
    "Sione wants to go."
Example #4:

    c. `Oku oui loto [ke kai PROi `a e ika].
    Prs 1.s.want to eat ABS def fish
    "I want to eat the fish."
Example #5:

    (10.17) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke `alu `a Mele].
    Prs want ABS Sione to go ABS Mele
    "Sione wants Mele to go."
Example #6:

    (10.18) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke `alu PRO].
    Prs want ABS Sione to go
    "Sione wants to go."
Example #7:

    b. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke `alu `a Mele].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke go ABS Mele
    "Sione wants Mele to go."
Example #8:

    (10.28) a. Kuo pau pro [ke `alu `a Sione ki kolo].
    Perf determined ke go ABS Sione to town
    Lit. "It has been decided that Sione go to town."
Example #9:

    b. *Kuo pau `a Sione.
    Perf determined ABS Sione
    Intended meaning: "Sione has determined."
Example #10:

    (10.29) a. Kuo pau pro [ke tui PRO `a e sote hinehina].
    Perf decide ke wear ABS def shirt white
    Lit. "It has been decided that (one) wear a white shirt."
Example #11:

    b. `Oku tapu pro [ke ifi tapaka PRO `i heni].
    Prs prohibited ke smoke tobacco in here
    Lit.: It is prohibited that (one) smoke here."
Example #12:

    (10.30) `Oku loto `a Sione [ke `ave `e Mele e].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke take ERG Mele
    "Sione wants Mele to take e."
Example #13:

    (10.31) `Oku loto `a Sionei [ke `ave `e Mele proi*/j].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke take ERG Mele
    "Sione wants Mele to take him."
Example #14:

    (10.35) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke PRO `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione to go
    "Sione wants to go."
Example #15:

    b. `Oku loto `a Sionei [ke ei*/j `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione to 3.s. go
    "Sione wants him/her to go."
Example #16:

    (10.36) `Oku loto `a Sionei [ke nei*/j `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione to 3.s. go
    "Sione wants him/her to go."
Example #17:

    (10.37) `Oku loto `a Sionei [ke `ave iai/j* `e Mele].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke take 3.s. ERG Mele
    "Sione wants Mele to take him."
Example #18:

    (10.39) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke PRO `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke go
    "Sione wants to go."
Example #19:

    b. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke e `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke go
    "Sione wants (him) to go."
Example #20:

    (10.40) a. `Oku ou loto [ke *(u) `alu].
    Prs 1.s. want ke 1.s. go
    "I want to go."
Example #21:

    (10.42) a. `Oku loto `a Sionei [ke ne*i/j `alu].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke 3.s. go
    "Sionei wants him*i/j to go."
Example #22:

    b. *`Oku ne loto [ke `alu PRO].
    Prs 3.s. want ke go
    "He wants to go."
Example #23:

    (10.43) a. `Oku nei loto [ke nei/*j `alu].
    Prs 3.s. want ke 3.s. go
    "Hei wants himi/*j to go."
Example #24:

    b. `Oku nei loto [ke e*i/j `alu].
    Prs 3.s. want ke go
    "Hei wants him*i/j to go."
Example #25:

    (10.44) a. `Oku loto `a Sione [ke `alu `a Pita].
    Prs want ABS Sione ke go ABS Pita
    "Sione wants Pita to go."
Example #26:

    (10.49) a. `Oku ou loto [ke `ave *(au) `e Mele].
    Prs 1.s. want ke take 1.s. ERG Mele
    "I want Mele to take me."
Example #27:

    (10.50) a. `Oku nei loto [ke `ave iai/*j `e Mele].
    Prs 3.s. want ke take 3.s. ERG Mele
    "Hei wants Mele to take himi."
Example #28:

    b. `Oku nei loto [ke `ave e*i/j `e Mele].
    Prs 3.s. want ke take      ERG Mele
    "Hei wants Mele to take himj."
Example #29:

    b. xc-ach to hin-aw-ila.
    ASP-ABS2 go ABS1-ERG2-see
    "You went to see me."