The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Robert Hamilton (1998). Underdetermined binding of reflexives by adult Japanese-speaking learners.

URL: http://slr.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/14/3/292.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4070&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    i) Johni-ga [Billj-ga Mikek-ni zibunzisin?*i/j/*k-no koto-o           hanasita to] itta.
    John-NOM Bill-NOM Mike-DAT self-self-GEN                matter-ACC told     that said
    `Johni said that Billj told Mike k about self *i/j/*k.'
Example #2:

    8) A wa B ga       zibun no       kuruma o   tukau koto o   sitte imasu.
    A TOP B NOM self       GEN car        ACC use   COMP ACC know be
    `A knows that B will use self's car'
Example #3:

    9) C wa B ni A ga            zibun no hon ga suki da to iimasita.
    C top B DAT A NOM self GEN book ACC like COP COMP said
    `C told B that A likes self's book'
Example #4:

    12) Mikai no imo toj ga         zibun*i/j no mondai ni tsuite hanasita.
    Mika GEN sister NOM self                GEN problem about spoke
    `Mikai's sister j spoke about self's*i/j problem.'