The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Halldór Ármann Sigurðsson (1996). ICELANDIC FINITE VERB AGREEMENT.

URL: http://mercury.hau.ac.kr/kggc/Monthly/ReadingMaterial/Agreement.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4078&langcode=isl (2021-12-03).


Example #1:

    (2)            Strkunum leiddist/*leiddust.                  (nonagreement)
    the boys(Dpl) bored(3sg/*3pl)
    `The boys were bored.'
Example #2:

    (3)            Henni leiddust strkarnir.                     (object-agreement)
    her(D) bored(3pl) the boys(Npl)
    `She found the boys boring.'
Example #3:

    (5)     a       Hana yrstir.
    her(A) thirsts
    `She is thirsty.'
Example #4:

    b       Hana vantar vinnu.
    her(A) lacks job(A)
    `She lacks a job.'
Example #5:

    c       Henni batnai.
    her(D) recovered
    `She recovered.'
Example #6:

    e       Henni er kalt.
    her(D) is cold
    `She is freezing.'
Example #7:

    f       Henni var boi.
    her(D) was invited
    `She was invited (by someone).'
Example #8:

    g       Hennar var leita.
    her(G) was searched
    `She was searched for (by someone).'
Example #9:

    (6)             Hn vonast til a vanta ekki vinnu.
    she hopes for to lack not job
    `She hopes not to lack a job.'
Example #10:

    (7)             Hn var blnk og (hana) vantai vinnu.
    she was broke and (her) lacked job
    `She was broke and (she) lacked a job.'
Example #11:

    (12)           a erum/??er bara vi.
    it are/??is only we(N)
    `It's only us.'
Example #12:

    (13)           Mr virtust/virtist [eir vera gfair].
    me(D) seemed(3pl/3sg) they(N) be intelligent
    `It seemed to me that they were intelligent.'
Example #13:

    (22)             Stelpunum var kalt/*kaldar.
    the girls(D) was cold(dft/*Nf.pl)
    `The girls were freezing.'
Example #14:

    (24)     a       Strkarnir voru illir.
    the boys(N) were(3pl) bad(Nm.pl)
    `The boys were angry/evil.'
Example #15:

    b       Strkunum var illt.
    the boys(D) was(dft) bad(dft)
    `The boys were nauseated.'
Example #16:

    (25)     a       Gluggarnir voru lokair.
    the windows(Nm.pl) were(3pl) closed(Nm.pl)
    `The windows were closed.' (i.e. in the permanent state of being closed)
Example #17:

    b       Gluggunum var loka.
    the windows(Dm.pl) was(dft) closed(dft).
    `The windows were closed.' (i.e. in the process of being closed by somebody)
Example #18:

    (26)   Strkunum verur kalt svona fklddum/*fkltt.
    the boys(D) will-be cold(dft) so few-clothed(Dpl/*dft)
    `The boys will freeze, so scantily dressed.'
Example #19:

    (37)            Mara er mlfringur/*mlfring.
    Mary(N) is linguist(N/*A)
    `Mary is a linguist.'
Example #20:

    (38)    a       Btlarnir hafa/*hefur lengi veri frgasta hljmsveitin.
    the Beatles(Npl) have/*has long been the most-famous band(Nsg)
    `The Beatles have long been the most famous band.'
Example #21:

    (39)    a       Vi hfum/*hafa oft veri eir.
    we(N) have(1pl/*3pl) often been they(N)
    `We have often been them.'
Example #22:

    b       eir hafa/*hfum oft veri vi.
    they(N) have(3pl/*1pl) often been we(N)
    `They have often been us.'
Example #23:

    (40)    a       a erum/??er bara vi.
    it are(1pl)/??is only we(N)
    `It is only us.'
Example #24:

    b       Eru/??Er a bara i?
    are(2pl)/??is it only you(Npl)
    `Is it only you?'
Example #25:

    (41)            etta hafa/*hefur sennilega veri tveir menn.
    this have/*has probably been two men(Npl)
    `This has probably been two persons/men.'
Example #26:

    (42)            Skldi hefur/*hafa sennilega veri tveir menn.
    the poet(Nn.sg) has/*have probably been two men(Npl)
    `The poet has probably been two persons/personalities.'
Example #27:

    (3)            Henni leiddust strkarnir.
    her(D) bored(3pl) the boys(N)
    `She found the boys boring.'
Example #28:

    (48)   a       Henni leiddist strkarnir.
    her(D) bored(dft) the boys(N)
    `She found the boys boring.'
Example #29:

    b       Henni lkai ekki essar athugasemdir.
    her liked(dft) not these comments(N)
    `She did not like these comments.'
Example #30:

    (49)     a       Henni leiddust strkarnir.
    her(D) bored(3pl) the boys(N)
    `She found the boys boring.'
Example #31:

    b       Henni lkuu ekki essar athugasemdir.
    her liked(3pl) not these comments(N)
    `She did not like these comments.'
Example #32:

    (51)    a      Henni skotnaist miklir peningar.
    her lucked-onto(dft) much money(Nm.pl)
    `She got much money (by some luck).'
Example #33:

    b      Henni mistkst allar tilraunirnar.
    her failed(dft) all the attempts(N)
    `She failed in all the attempts.'
Example #34:

    c      Henni batnai verkirnir.
    her got-better(dft) the pains
    `She recovered from the pains.'
Example #35:

    (54)     a      Henni skruppu/*skrapp ftur.
    her failed(3pl/*dft) feet(N)
    `She fell.'
Example #36:

    b      Henni uru /*var  mikil mistk.
    her became onto (3pl/*dft) great mistakes(N)
    `She made a big mistake.'
Example #37:

    c      Henni tmdust/*tmdist margir arfar.
    her emptied(3pl/*dft) many inheritances(N)
    `She got many inheritances.'
Example #38:

    (57)    a       Hafi lafuri virst [ti vera gfaur]?
    had Olaf(N) seemed be intelligent
    `Did Olaf seem intelligent?'
Example #39:

    (58)    a       Hafi eim virst [lafur vera gfaur]?
    had them(D) seemed Olaf(N) be intelligent
    `Did it seem to them that Olaf was intelligent.'
Example #40:

    (59)           Mr ttu/tti [r vera duglegar].
    me(D) thought(3pl/dft) they(Npl) be industrious
    `I thought they were industrious.'
Example #41:

    (60)           Mr virtust/virtist [r vinna vel].
    me seemed(3pl/dft) they work well
    `It seemed to me that they were working well.'
Example #42:

    (61)           Mr hfu/hafi fundist [r vera gfaar].
    me had(3pl/dft) found they be intelligent
    `I had found them intelligent.'
Example #43:

    (62)           eim hefur/*hfum alltaf fundist [vi vinna vel].
    them(D) has/*have always found we(N) work well
    `They have always thought that we work well.'
Example #44:

    b       Henni hfu lka eir.
    her had(3pl) liked they(N)
    `She had liked them.'