ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Kazenin, Konstantin (2001). Focus in Tsakhur.

URL: http://www.sfb441.uni-tuebingen.de/b2/papers/tsakhur.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 525&langcode=tkr (2021-09-19).

 

Example #1:

    (1) a. a|l-E      Xaw             alJa>a      wo=r.
    Ali-ERG house                build.IPF   POS=1
    Ali is building the house.
Example #2:

    (14) ma|hamad                 a=r=y.
    Mohammed,ABS               1=come.PF
    'Mohammed came.'
Example #3:

    (15) ma|hamad-E       Xaw              alJa>-u
    Mohammed-ERG house,ABS               4.build-PF
    'Mohammed built the house.'
Example #4:

    (17) a.ma|hamad-E Xaw                      alJa>-u.
    Mohammed-ERG house,ABS                   4.build-PF
    'Mohammed built the house.'
Example #5:

    (18) a. ma|hamad-E                 Xaw           alJa>-u.
    Mohammed-ERG                house.4,ABS 4.build-PF
    'Mohammed built the house.'
Example #6:

    b. ma|hamad-E         Xaw                    alJa>-a.
    Mohammed-ERG house.4,ABS                   4.build-IPF
    'Mohammed is building the house.'
Example #7:

    c. ma|hamad-E         Xaw                    alJa>-as.
    Mohammed-ERG house.4,ABS                   4.build-POT
    'Mohammed will build the house.'
Example #8:

    (19) ma|hamad-E               Xaw                      alJa>-u         wo=d/de].
    Mohammed-ERG house.4,ABS                 4.build-PF          AUX=4/AUX.NEG
    'Mohammed built/didn't build the house.'
Example #9:

    (20) ma|hamad-E       Xaw                    alJa>-a             wo=d/de]..
    Mohammed-ERG house.4,ABS                   4.build-IPF         AUX=4/AUX.NEG
    'Mohammed is/is not building the house.'
Example #10:

    (21) ma|hamad-E       Xaw                    alJa>-as            wo=d/de]..
    Mohammed-ERG house.4,ABS                   4.build-POT AUX=4/AUX.NEG
    'Mohammed will/will not build the house.'
Example #11:

    (22) ma|hamad-E                Xaw                    alJa>-u           wo=d.
    Mohammed-ERG              house.4,ABS            4.build-PF        AUX=4
    'Mohammed built/didn't build the house.'
Example #12:

    (23) daK-i-s              ma|hamad                     GaD-es           yKan-o=r.
    father-OBL-DAT [Mohammed.1,ABS                   1.see-POT]        1.want.IPF-AUX=1
    Father wants to see Mohammed.
Example #13:

    (25)    a|lI-wo=r      a=r=y.
    Ali.1-AUX=1 1=come.PF
    '[F Ali] came.'
Example #14:

    (26) a|l-E      wo=d           ekyn            ez-a.
    Ali-ERG         AUX=4          field.4         4.plough-IPF
    '[F Ali] ploughs the field.'
Example #15:

    (27) rasul          balkan-u-kWa                       wo=r    qa=r=y
    Rasul.1        horse-OBL-COMIT                    AUX=1 1=come.PF
    `Rasul came [F by horse].'
Example #16:

    (28) ma|hamad           wo=r             daK-i-s               GaD-es         yKan.
    Mohammed.1 AUX=1                 father-OBL-DAT        1.see-POT      4.want.IPF
    'Father wanted to see [F Mohammed].'
Example #17:

    (29) a|l-E              ekyn              ez-a                 wo=d.
    Ali-ERG             field.4           4.plough-IPF         AUX=4
    'Ali ploughs the field.'
Example #18:

    (30) rasul           balkan-u-kWa                    qa=r=y            wo=r.
    Rasul.1         horse-OBL-COMIT                 1=come.PF         AUX=1
    `Rasul came by horse.
Example #19:

    (31) ma|hamad           daK-i-s                  GaD-es        yKan            wo=r.
    Mohammed.1 father-OBL-DAT                1.see-POT     4.want.IPF      AUX=1
    'Father wanted to see [F Mohammed].'
Example #20:

    (32) xJan       qojxar         de].
    water.4    4.boil.IPF     AUX.NEG
    'The water is not boiling.'
Example #21:

    (33) xJan       de]                 qojxar.
    water.4    AUX.NEG             4.boil.IPF
    'Not the water is boiling.'
Example #22:

    (34) ma|hamad                 de]             daK-i-s         GaD-es         yKan.
    Mohammed.1,ABS             AUX.NEG father-OBL-DAT          1.see-POT      4.want.IPF
    It is not Mohammed whom father wants to see.
Example #23:

    (35) xJan      qojxar          de]-o=d.
    water.4   4.boil.IPF      AUX.NEG-AUX=4
    'The water is not boiling.'
Example #24:

    (36) ma|hamad-E                Xaw                     alJa>-u         wo=d=o=d.
    Mohammed-ERG               house.4,ABS             4.build-PF      AUX=4=AUX=4
    'Mohammed built/didn't build the house.'
Example #25:

    (39) a. ma|hamad-E           de]-o=d              Xaw                    alJa>-u.
    Mohammed-ERG             AUX.NEG-AUX=4 house.4,ABS                   4.build-PF
    '[F Not Mohammed] built the house.'
Example #26:

    (40) ma|hamad-E                Xaw                    alJa>-u        wo=d-/de]-ne.
    Mohammed-ERG               house.4,ABS            4.build-PF     AUX=4/AUX.NEG-Q
    'Did Mohammed (not) build the house?'
Example #27:

    (1) a. a|l-E      Xaw               alJa>a wo=r.
    Ali-ERG house                build.IPF      AUX=1
    Ali is building the house.
Example #28:

    (28) ma|hamad          wo=r           daK-i-s                J       GaD-es          yKan.
    Mohammed.1 AUX=1               father-OBL-DAT         1.see-POT      4.want.IPF
    'Father wants to see [F Mohammed].'
Example #29:

    gE]-u-na.
    cry-PF-ATR
    The girl whose horse the teacher hit cried.
Example #30:

    yKan.
    4.want.IPF
    Father wants to build a house beautifully.
Example #31:

    yKan.
    4.want.IPF
    Father wants to build a house [Fbeautifully].
Example #32:

    (65)   a|l-E           Xaw             alJa>-a         wo=d.
    Ali-ERG         house,4         4.build-IPF     AUX=4
    'Ali was building the house.'
Example #33:

    (69)   a|l-E           Xaw           alJa>-a
    Ali-ERG         house.4       4.build-IPF
    'Ali was building the house.'
Example #34:

    (75) dakJ-E            iwho-wo=d              a|lI-wo=r      a=r=y.
    father-ERG         say.PF-AUX=4           [Ali.1-AUX=1 1=come.PF]
    Father said that [F Ali] came.