The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bickel, Balthasar & Johanna Nichols (2006). Inflectional morphology.

URL: http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~bickel/lehre/infl.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 560&langcode=cnh (2021-12-03).


Example #1:

    Tsew M|a ni [email protected].
    T.            ERG 3SG.A-1SG.P-hit
    `Tsew Mang hit me.'
Example #2:

    a. na-tuk               nhaa laay
    2SG.A-hit.with.stick:2 3PL.P FUT
    `You will hit them.'
Example #3:

    b. na-kan-tuk                    laay
    2SG.A-1PL.P-hit.with.stick:2 FUT
    `You will hit us.'
Example #4:

    a. *na-tuk                nhaa,           uy tsaw   laay.
    2SG.A-hit.with.stick:2   3PL.P      dog         FUT
    Intended: `You will hit the dogs.'
Example #5:

    b. na-tuk               nhaa laay, uy tsaw.
    2SG.A-hit.with.stick:2 3PL.P FUT     dog
    `You will hit the dogs.'
Example #6:

    a. a-ma       a-ni.
    3[SG]-DEM 3[SG]S-laugh
    `S/he laughs.'                                              (identity)
Example #7:

    b. a-h|aw    da na-n-ra?
    3[SG]-who Q     2-PL.S-come
    `Who of you came?'                                         (part of)
Example #8:

    d. ka-lu            na-`r.
    1[SG]POSS-heart        2[SG]S-suspicious
    `I suspect you'                                                         (other r