The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

McGinnis, Martha (2001). Phases and the syntax of applicatives.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-187-0101.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 63&langcode=kin (2021-09-17).


Example #1:

    (2)     a.      Umugre a-r-som-er-a             umuhungu igitabo.
    woman    SP-PRES-read-APPL-ASP boy          book
    `The woman is reading a book for the boy.'
Example #2:

    b.      Umugabo a-r-som-er-a            umugre.
    man       SP-PRES-read-APPL-ASP woman
    `The man is reading for the woman.'                                      AK (4,4
Example #3:

    (3)     a.      Umuhungu -r-ig-ir--ho            ishuri imibre.
    boy           SP-PRES-study-ASP-LOC school mathematics
    `The boy is studying mathematics at school.'           AK (5.4,12b)
Example #4:

    b.    * Umuhungu -r-ig-ir--ho            ishuri.
    boy            SP-PRES-study-ASP-LOC school
    `The boy is studying at school.'                                       AK (5.4,8
Example #5:

    (6)      a.       Umugre a-r-mu-he-er-a              t mbwa ibryo.
    woman    SP-PRES-OP-give-APPL-ASP       dog    food
    `The woman is giving food to the dog for him.'                               AK
Example #6:

    b.       Umugre a-r-bi-he-er-a               umugabo mbwa t.
    woman    SP-PRES-OP-give-APPL-ASP man            dog
    `The woman is giving it to the dog for the man.'                             AK
Example #7:

    (7)      a.       mwalmu y-a-ry-oohere-j-ho          t igitabo.
    teacher        SP-PAST-OP-send-ASP-LOC   book
    `The teacher sent the book to it.'                                          AK (
Example #8:

    b.    * mwalmu y-a-cy-oohere-j-ho          ishuri t.
    teacher        SP-PAST-OP-send-ASP-LOC school
    `The teacher sent it to school.'                                             AK
Example #9:

    (8)     a.       Agimi i mban Drits anten time.
    A.NOM CL holds D.DAT bag.ACC my
    (e.g., so she can put something in it)
Example #10:

    (38)    a. N-a-boon-ye      igitabo [umuhungu ya-a-ha-ye              umukobwa t ].
    SP-PAST-see-ASP book      boy           SP-PAST-REL.give-ASP girl
    `I saw the book [that the boy gave to the girl].'                 AK (4,62b)
Example #11:

    b. *Y-a-tw-eerets-e      igitabo [mwalmu y-ohere-j-ho          ishuri t ].
    SP-PAST-OP-show-ASP book teacher           SP-REL.send-ASP-APPL school
    `He showed us the book [that the teacher sent to school].'       AK (5.4,26)