The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

BROADWELL, GEORGE AARON (2003). Review of Quiegolani Zapotec Syntax: A principles and parameters approach by Cheryl Black.

URL: http://www.degruyter.de/journals/tlr/pdf/20_95.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-08).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 642&langcode=zpi (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (1)     *Pa      go     r-laa    de lo txu?
    what    thing hab-do 2 to who
    (What   are you doing to who?)
Example #2:

    (2)     *Pa      go     txu lo r-laa     de?
    what    thing who to hab-do 2
    (What   to whom are you doing?)
Example #3:

    (3)      Rut      wii-t           Maryo.
    nobody com:see-neg       Mario
    `Mario saw nobody.'
Example #4:

    (4)     *Wii-t          Maryo    rut.
    com:see-neg Mario       nobody
    (Mario saw nobody.)
Example #5:

    (5)      Rut       bet     wii-t.
    nobody    nothing com:see-neg
    `Nobody   saw anything.'
Example #6:

    (6)     *Rut       wii-t         bet.
    nobody    com:see-neg nothing
    (Nobody   saw anything.)
Example #7:

    (10)     R-oo       men        [y-rup        men Biki]      nisgaal.
    hab-drink 3            pot-two      3     Virginia soda
    `She and Virgina      drink soda    pop.'
Example #8:

    (13)     R-laan     Jose s-ya       (Jose) den
    hab-want Jose pot-go (Jose) ranch
    `Jose wants (Jose) to go to the ranch.'
Example #9:

    (14)         R-laan     men s-ya       men den
    hab-want 3       pot-go 3      ranch
    `He wants to go to the ranch.'
Example #10:

    (15)     *R-laan    men s-ya        den                         (constructed example)
    hab-want 3       pot-go ranch
    (He wants to go to the ranch.)
Example #11:

    (17)     Pe w-u         maa      nii de?
    q com-eat 3anim foot 2
    `Did it (the snake) eat your foot?' p. 122
Example #12:

    (18)     Pe dxiin zhe r-laa     de na-ree?
    q work wh hab-do 2 which-this
    `What work are you doing with this?' p. 124
Example #13:

    (19)     x-pk win nzeb
    p-dog small girl
    `her (lit. the girl's) small dog'