The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Norvin Richards (2000). An Island Effect in Japanese.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-24-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 65&langcode=jpn (2022-01-20).


Example #1:

    kaimasita ka?
    bought      Q
    `Who did Nakamura-san buy a building [where gangsters killed t]?'
Example #2:

    (2)      Taroo -ga       doko -ni      itta kara      umaku iku no?
    Taroo NOM where DAT went because well                  go Q
    `Where are things going well [because Taroo went t]?'
Example #3:

    sirabeteiru             no?
    are-investigating Q
    where who killed who]?'
Example #4:

    (16)   a. *John-wa    Mary -ga     nani -o      katta   ka dooka    siritagatteiru no?
    John TOP Mary NOM what ACC bought whether               want-to-know Q
    'What does John want to know whether Mary bought t?'
Example #5:

    b. John-wa    Mary -ga      nani -o      katta   ka dooka dare-ni tazuneta no?
    John TOP Mary NOM what ACC bought whether                who DAT asked     Q
    'Who did John ask t whether Mary bought what?'