The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Willis, David (2003). Introduction to comparative syntax.

URL: http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/dwew2/li4/2_word_order.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-08).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 661&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    (147) (a) Mary-ga       kami-ga nagai (koto).
    Mary.NOM hair.NOM long (fact)
    '(...that) Mary has long hair.'
Example #2:

    (b) Natu-ga         biiru-ga umai.
    summer.NOM beer.NOM good
    '(In) summer, beer (tastes) good.'                 (Japanese, Doron &
Example #3:

    (c) Boston-ga      susi-ga       umai.
    Boston.NOM sushi.NOM good
    'It is Boston where sushi is good.'          (Saito & Fukui 1998: 448)
Example #4:

    (163)        Boku-ga [John-o/-ga              imooto-ga kirei-da           to] omowu.
    I.NOM         John.ACC/NOM sister.NOM beautiful-be that think
    'I think that John's sister is beautiful.'
Example #5:

    (168) (a)    Hanako-ga       Taroo-o      butta.
    Hanako.NOM Taroo.ACC hit
    'Hanako hit Taroo.'                   (Japanese, Comrie 1981: 6)
Example #6:

    (169) (a) John ni
    John to
    'to John'                                                      (Japanese)