The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Van Valin, Robert D. Jr. (2002). The Role and Reference Grammar Analysis of Three-Place Predicates.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/rrg/rrg/vanvalin_papers/3-placepreds.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-08).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 666&langcode=ind (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    a. Ali mem-beli ayam itu untuk Hasan.
    ACT-buy chicken the for
    `Ali [Actor] bought the chicken [Undergoer] for Hasan.'
Example #2:

    b. Ali mem-beli-kan Hasan ayam itu.
    ACT-buy-LOC            chicken the
    `Ali [Actor] bought Hasan [Undergoer] the chicken.'