The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Volker Gast & Peter Siemund (2002). Identical Agents -- on the interrelation between adverbial intensifiers and reflexives.

URL: http://noam.philologie.fu-berlin.de/~gast/home/hopdf/japan2.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 68&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    (13) Taro-wa jibun-wo         semeta.
    Taro-TOP REFL-ACC criticised
    `Taro criticised himself.'
Example #2:

    (14) Taro-jishin       kyouju-wo        sonkeishiteiru
    Taro-INT(ADN)     professor-ACC honour
    `Taro himself honours the professor.'
Example #3:

    (15) Taro-wa jibun-de       kuruma-wo         arrata
    Taro-TOP REFL-INSTR car-ACC              washed.
    `Taro washed the car himself.'
Example #4:

    (23) Taro-wa jibun-de        kuruma-wo arau.
    Taro-TOP REFL-INSTR car-ACC       wash
    `Taroo washes his car himself.'