ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Butt, Miriam (2003). The Light Verb Jungle.

URL: http://edvarda.hf.ntnu.no/ling/tross/Butt.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 820&langcode=urd (2021-06-15).

 

Example #1:

    (1) a. nadya=ne     xt             likh li-ya
    Nadya.F=Erg letter.M.Nom write take-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya wrote a letter (completely).' (Urdu)
Example #2:

    (8) nadya=ne     xt             likh li-ya
    Nadya.F=Erg letter.M.Nom write take-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya wrote a letter (completely).' (Urdu)
Example #3:

    (21) nadya=ne         x t=ko             likh mar-a
    Nadya.F.Sg=Erg letter.M.Sg=Acc write hit-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya dashed off the letter (forcefully).' (Urdu)
Example #4:

    (39) nadya=ne         s dd f=ko         xt       likh -ne      di-ya
    Nadya.F.Sg=Erg Saddaf.F.Sg=Dat letter.M.Nom write-Inf.Obl give-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya let Saddaf write a letter.'
Example #5:

    (42) nadya=ne     xt             likh li-ya
    Nadya.F=Erg letter.M.Nom write take-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya wrote a letter (completely).'
Example #6:

    (45) a. nadya=ne         s dd f=ko          xt          likh le-ne     di-ya
    Nadya.F.Sg=Erg Saddaf.F.Sg=Dat letter.M.Nom write take-Inf.Obl give-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya let Saddaf write a letter (completely).'
Example #7:

    b. */???nadya=ne      s dd f=ko          xt         likh ne     de di-ya
    Nadya.F.Sg=Erg Saddaf.F.Sg=Dat letter.M.Nom write-Inf.Obl give give-Perf.M.Sg
    `Nadya completely let Saddaf write a letter.'