The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

ARKA, I WAYAN AND JELADU KOSMAS (2002). Passive without passive morphology? Evidence from Manggarai.

URL: http://rspas.anu.edu.au/linguistics/iwa/Arka-Kosmas-final.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 868&langcode=ind (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    (33) a.     Anak itu       di-gigit       (oleh anjing)                  (Indonesian)
    child that     PASS-bite      by    dog
    `The child was bitten by a dog'
Example #2:

    b.   Mereka        ter-tabrak       ((oleh) mobil)
    3p            PASS-hit         by      car
    'They (accidentally) got hit by a car'
Example #3:

    (40) a.       Ia      kena tipu
    3s      hit    cheat
    `(S)he was/got cheated'
Example #4:

    b.     Ia     ke-tipu
    3s     PASS-cheat
    `(S)he was/got cheated'
Example #5:

    c.     Ia     di-tipu
    3s     PASS-cheat
    `(S)he was/got cheated'
Example #6:

    (i)   Uang-nya        di-beli-kan               mobil       oleh      Amir              (passive)
    money-DEF       PASS-buy-APPL             car         by        NAME
    `The money was used to buy a car by Amir'
Example #7:

    (ii)?? Amir    membeli-kan       uang-nya          mobil
    NAME AV.buy-APPL money-DEF                  car
    `Amir bought the car with the money'