ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Danon, Gabi (2002). Case and Formal Definiteness: the Licensing of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases in Hebrew.

URL: http://faculty.biu.ac.il/~danong1/papers/Danon2002-dissertation.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 968&langcode=heb (2021-09-17).

 

Example #1:

    (2)    a.   Dan kara *(et) ha-sefer.               (Hebrew)
    Dan read *(et) the-book
    `Dan read the book.'
Example #2:

    b.   Dan kara (*et)         sefer.
    Dan read (*et)         book
    `Dan read a book.'
Example #3:

    (13)   a.   xulcat ha-yeled ha-blondini
    shirt the-boy the-blond
    'the blond boy's shirt'
Example #4:

    c.    mexirat ha-bayit
    selling     the-house
    'the selling of the house'
Example #5:

    b.    mapat ha-ir
    map the-city                        (CSN)
    `the map of the city'
Example #6:

    (15)    a.    mapat *(ha -ir)                        (CSN)
    map the-city
    'the map of the city'8
Example #7:

    (16)   a.   kvucat     mumxim gdola
    group.FEM experts     big.FEM
    `a big group of experts'
Example #8:

    (17)   a.   ibadeti     *(et) mapat ha-ir          *(ha-)meforetet.
    lost.1SG *(et) map the-city *(the-)detailed
    `I lost the detailed map of the city.'
Example #9:

    (19)    a.   sloset     ha-sfarim
    three      the-books
    `the three books'
Example #10:

    (20)   a.    ha-yeled *(ha-)xaxam
    the-boy *(the-)smart
    `the smart boy'
Example #11:

    (26)         Esconde *(a) Bárbara.
    hide      (to)  Barbara
    'Hide Barbara.'
Example #12:

    b.   necigat        ha-bank xilka            alonim.
    representative the-bank handed-out      brochures
    `A representative of the bank handed out brochures.'
Example #13:

    c.   masarti       et ha-sefer le-oved            ha-sifriya.
    handed.1SG et the-book to-worker             the-library
    `I handed the book to a worker of the library.'
Example #14:

    ha-ribit
    the-interest
    of interest'
Example #15:

    ha-ribit
    the-interest
    of interest'
Example #16:

    b. ? ani makir et oved         ha-sifriya.
    I know et worker the-library
    `I know the worker of the library.'
Example #17:

    (31)        bakbuk ha-yayin
    bottle      the-wine
    `the bottle of wine'
Example #18:

    (32)        maxacit/rov ha-sfarim crixim la-avor        la-madaf.
    half/most      the-books need to-move to-the-shelf
    `Half/most of the books have to move to the shelf.'
Example #19:

    b.   aron ha-sfarim omed rek.
    closet the-books stands empty
    `The book closet is standing empty.'
Example #20:

    (34)      a.   ha-mistara bitla      *(et) [pgisat      [tosvey     [ha-kfar]]].
    the-police cancelled *(et) [meeting [residents [the-village]]]
    `The police cancelled the meeting of the village residents.'
Example #21:

    b.   ha-mistara bitla      (*et) [pgisat     [tosavim sel [ha-kfar]]].
    village]]]
    `The police cancelled a meeting of residents of the village.'
Example #22:

    (37)   a.   den rode hest
    the    red      horse
    'the red horse'
Example #23:

    b.   hest-en
    horse-the
    'the horse'
Example #24:

    (38)      harisat       ha-cava et ha-ir
    destruction the-army et the-city
    `the army's destruction of the city'
Example #25:

    (40)         yes/en le-Dan et ha-sefer ha-ze.
    yes/en to-Dan et the-book the-this
    `Dan has/doesn't have this book.'
Example #26:

    (41)         katuv      et ze        ba-itonim.
    written.SG et this      in-the-newspapers
    `This is written in the newspapers.'
Example #27:

    mixnasayim.
    pants
    'I bought both the shirt and the pants.'
Example #28:

    (43)   a.   yasavti     gam al ha-kise        ve       gam   al ha-sapa.
    sat.1SG     also on the-chair and also           on the-sofa
    'I sat both on the chair and on the sofa.'
Example #29:

    (44)          kaniti         et ha-xulca ve                 (et)     ha-mixnasayim.
    bought.1SG et the-shirt and                   et       the-pants
    'I bought the shirt and the pants.'
Example #30:

    (48)    a.    ani    mecape mi-         Dan/           mimenu lehitpater.
    I      expect     from- Dan/             from-him to-resign
    'I expect Dan/him to resign.'
Example #31:

    (58)   a.   yalda     kxulat       enayim    sipra ma         kara.
    girl.FM   blue.FM      eyes      told.FM what     happened
    `A blue-eyed girl told what happened.'
Example #32:

    b.   gdoley    ha-xokrim          histatfu        ba-kenes.
    big.PL    the-researchers participated.PL in-the-conference
    `The greatest researchers participated in the conference.'
Example #33:

    (62)    a.    halaxti   ha-bayt-a/         ha-ir-a/       yamin-a
    went.1SG the-home-DAT/       the-town-DAT / right-DAT
    `I went home/to town/to the right
Example #34:

    (63)    a.    axalti     uga/ et ha-uga/        me-ha-uga.
    ate.1SG    cake/ et the-cake/ of-the-cake
    `I ate a/some cake/the cake/of the cake.'
Example #35:

    b.    yes/en li      et ha-sug      ha-ze/       me-ha-sug ha-ze.
    yes/en to-me et the-kind the-this/ of-the-kind the-this
    `I have/don't have this kind/of this kind.'
Example #36:

    (64)        mapat ha-ir       sel Dan
    map the-city of Dan
    'Dan's map of the city'
Example #37:

    b.   mapa sel ha-ir
    map of the-city
    'a map of the city'
Example #38:

    (65)   a.   harisat       ha-cava et ha-ir
    destruction the-army et the-city
    `the army's destruction of the city'
Example #39:

    (68)          axalti     uga/ et ha-uga/        me-ha-uga.
    ate.1SG    cake/ et the-cake/ of-the-cake
    `I ate a/some cake/the cake/of the cake.'
Example #40:

    (69)       yes    slo sa     anasim     ba-xacer.
    yes three         men        in-the-garden
    'There are three men in the garden.'
Example #41:

    (71)   a.    yes    li      ha-sefer ha-ze.           (formal)
    yes to-me the-book the-this
    `I have this book.'
Example #42:

    (84)   a.   (?ze) nidme li         se-ha-rakevet acra.
    (it)    seems to-me that-the-train stopped
    'It seems to me that the train stopped.'
Example #43:

    b.   (*ze) haya tapuz al ha-sulxan.
    (there) was orange on the-table
    'There was an orange on the table.'
Example #44:

    (85)        hayu      tapuz-im al ha-sulxan.
    were.PL orange-PL on the-table
    'There were oranges on the table.'
Example #45:

    (87)      a.    nafl-u alay egozey         kokos.                       (SH/CH)71
    fell-PL on-me nuts.PL      coconut
    'Coconut nuts fell on me.'
Example #46:

    (89)    a.    asuy/alul likrot     kama                dvarim.
    may.SG happen        several             things.PL
    'Several things may happen.'
Example #47:

    b.    yaxol     lipol alexa        egozey               kokos.
    can.SG    fall   on-you      nuts.PL              coconut
    'Coconut nuts can fall on you.'
Example #48:

    (93)   a. * ba              li      ha-glida           se-kaninu.
    comes.MASC to-me the-ice-cream.FEM that-bought.1PL
    'I feel like having the ice cream that we bought.'
Example #49:

    (94)   a.   Dan rakad       rikud/ vals.
    Dan danced      dance/waltz
    'Dan danced a dance/a waltz.'
Example #50:

    b.   Dan rac       kilometer.
    Dan ran       kilometer
    'Dan ran a kilometer.'
Example #51:

    c.   Dan nafal nefila recinit.
    Dan fell      fall    serious
    'Dan had a serious fall.'
Example #52:

    e.   Dan daxaf        et ha-delet     dxifa      kala.
    Dan pushed       et the-door     pushing    light
    'Dan pushed the door lightly.'
Example #53:

    (96)   a.   axilat Dan et ha-uga
    eating Dan et the-cake
    'Dan's eating of the cake'
Example #54:

    (97)       ? axilat Dan tapuxey-ec      rabim
    eating Dan apples          many
    'Dan's eating many apples'
Example #55:

    (ii)           natati        le-Dan egozim.
    gave.1SG      to-Dan nuts
    'I gave (some) nuts to Dan.'
Example #56:

    (116)      ani makir (*et) Sara axat.
    I know (*et) Sara one
    'I know one (person named) Sara.'
Example #57:

    b.   tmuna     axat (hi)            xadasa.
    picture one       is           new
    'One picture is new.'
Example #58:

    b.   tmunat    praxim      axat (hi)             xadasa.
    picture flowers       one     is            new
    'One picture of flowers is new.'
Example #59:

    c.   salos tmunot       praxim     (hen) xadasot.
    three pictures flowers        are    new
    'Three pictures of flowers are new.'
Example #60:

    (126) a.      hexela mexira sel sifrey Amos Oz xatumim.
    began selling of books Amos Oz signed
    'A sale of signed Amoz Oz books has begun.'
Example #61:

    b.    hexela mexira sel sifrey Amos Oz ha-xatumim.
    began selling of books Amos Oz the-signed
    'A sale of the signed Amos Oz books has begun.'
Example #62:

    b.    hexela mexira sel sifrey ha-sofer ha-xatumim.
    began selling of books the-author the-signed
    'A sale of the signed books of the author has begun.'
Example #63:

    (128)     ani    mexapes (et)       exad me-ha-sfarim          seli.
    I      search      et     one    from-the-books      my
    'I am looking for one of my book.'
Example #64:

    b.   xayal      cva      ha-darom neherag etmol.
    soldier    army the-south killed          yesterday
    'A/the soldier of the army of the south was killed yesterday.'
Example #65:

    c.   tmunat     ha-xasud        pursema ba-iton.
    picture the-suspect        published in-the-newspaper
    'A/the picture of the suspect was published in the newspaper.'
Example #66:

    dirata.
    apartment.3SG .FEM
    her apartment.'
Example #67:

    e.   maxar         epages         im      necig           ha-bank.
    tomorrow      meet.FUT.1SG with representative the-bank
    'Tomorrow I'll meet with a/the representative of the bank.'
Example #68:

    mesuna.
    strange
    the job is strange.'
Example #69:

    g.   Dan (hu) boger            ha-xug             le-balsanut.
    Dan (is)       graduate the-department to-linguistics
    'Dan is a/the graduate of the linguistics department.'
Example #70:

    (134) a.   ha-mistara acra       et tosav         ha-staxim.
    the-police arrested et resident the-territories
    'The police arrested the resident of the territories.'
Example #71:

    b.   ha-hafgaza harga et xayal cva            ha-darom.
    the-bombing killed et soldier army the-south
    'The bombing killed the soldier of the army of the south.'
Example #72:

    c.   yes    li      et tmunat ha-xasud.
    exist to-me et picture the-suspect
    'I have the picture of the suspect.'
Example #73:

    d.   hikarti    et ovedet      sagrirut Kenya.
    knew.1SG et employee embassy Kenya
    'I knew the employee of the Kenyan embassy.'
Example #74:

    e.   maxar    efgos           et necig            ha-bank.
    tomorrow meet.FUT.1SG et representative the-bank
    'Tomorrow I'll meet the representative of the bank.'
Example #75:

    mesuna.
    strange
    job is strange.'
Example #76:

    le-balsanut nixnas.
    to-linguistics entering
    coming in.'
Example #77:

    se-nexsefu     la-axrona .
    that-exposed recently
    recently exposed.'
Example #78:

    sodiyot se-nexsefu        la-axrona .
    secret     that-exposed recently
    recently exposed.'
Example #79:

    (137) a.    ma    hizmanta?
    what ordered.2SG
    'What did you order?'
Example #80:

    (138) a.    ma    hizmanta?
    what ordered.2SG
    'What did you order?'
Example #81:

    b.   et ha-marak / sney salatim / sum        davar
    et the-soup / two salads / no           thing
    'The soup / two salads / nothing.'
Example #82:

    (141) a.     ani     ohev ??(et) mi       se-Dan ohev.
    I       love et      who that-Dan-loves
    'I love whoever Dan loves/the person that Dan loves.'
Example #83:

    b.   ani     ohev (et)     ma     se-Dan ohev.
    I       love et       what that-Dan-loves
    'I love whatever Dan loves/the thing that Dan loves.'
Example #84:

    (142) a.   ani     oxal ma       se-Dan      oxel.
    I       eat.FUT what that-Dan     eats
    'I will eat what Dan eats.'
Example #85:

    (145)       ani makir Sara axat.
    I know Sara one
    'I know one (person named) Sara.'
Example #86:

    ve    Garfunkel.
    and Garfunkel
    'Dylan wrote more songs than Simon and Garfunkel.'
Example #87:

    ve    et Garfunkel.
    and et Garfunkel
    'Dylan wrote more songs than both Simon and Garfunkel.'
Example #88:

    b.   ha-mistara acra       et tosav         ha-staxim.
    the-police arrested et resident the-territories
    'The police arrested the resident of the territories.'
Example #89:

    (157) a.   Dan kara et axad ha-sfarim.
    Dan read et one          the-books
    'Dan read one of the books.'
Example #90:

    b. * Dan kara et sefer         exad.
    Dan read et one           book
    'Dan read one books.'
Example #91:

    se-nexsefu     la-axrona .
    that-exposed recently
    recently exposed.'
Example #92:

    (159) a. ?? ha-mistara     acra       et xavrey    kat      axat.
    the-police     arrested et members sect one
    'The police arrested the members of some sect.'